The participants talked about the opportunities and risks the nuclear deal could have for the Arab monarchies of the Gulf as well as the Levant. There is an ongoing debate over whether the Iran nuclear deal will encourage Tehran to pursue a more aggressive foreign policy in the Middle East. The Gulf monarchies are fearful of this prospect and are currently planning to counter against a more aggressive Iran. Any change in Iranian foreign policy will also have a significant impact on the Levant, where Iran supports the Syrian regime and Hezbollah in Lebanon.  

Participants included Karim Sadjadpour and Frederic Wehrey, senior associates at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and Yezid Sayigh, senior associate at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. Yeganeh Torbati, an award-winning journalist for Reuters, moderated the panel.