The uncertain outlook for nuclear power among both developed and developing countries raises questions about the value and importance of the peaceful uses pillar of the “grand bargain” enshrined in the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT). How important is nuclear technology today for economic development and for implementing climate commitments? How does the desirability of the technology influence how much states will invest—diplomatically, strategically, and financially—in the NPT? What would be the consequences for the treaty if peaceful nuclear applications lose relevance? And, as the 2020 NPT Review Conference approaches, can renewed focus on peaceful uses remind states of the overall value of the regime?
Rafael Mariano Grossi, Ambassador of Argentina and Permanent Representative to International Organizations in Geneva
Djarot Wisnubroto, National Nuclear Energy Agency - Batan