Table of Contents

Shawn Blore, previously a journalist, is now an independent consultant specializing in the areas of natural resources, supply chains, smuggling, and clandestine financial flows. He has worked for a variety of nongovernmental organizations (including Impact, Partnership Africa Canada, and the Diamond Development Initiative) as well as the German aid agency Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammerarbeit (GIZ) and the U.S. Agency for International Development.

Brian George is an accountant and has spent the last twelve years investigating fraud, money laundering, criminal activity, and for-profit corruption schemes within Afghanistan and South America. George is considered a subject matter expert on the finances of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia and the Taliban, having worked within the U.S. Southern Command, Afghan Threat Finance Cell, Task Force 2010, and the Counter Corruption Action Group (CCAG) Afghanistan.

Karen Greenaway is an attorney at law who served more than twenty-two years in the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation as both a special agent and supervisory special agent. She conducted and supervised investigations of transnational organized crime, money laundering, foreign bribery, and other corruption activities, focusing primarily on the former Soviet Union, Russia, and Central and Eastern Europe. She is now an independent consultant, advising the bureau, civil society, nongovernmental organizations, and investigative journalists on their work on foreign corruption.

Marcena Hunter is a senior analyst at the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime, where she has worked since 2012. She specializes in gold-related crime, illicit financial flows, and the political and economic development impacts from and responses to organized crime.

Peter Kirechu is the program director for the Conflict Finance and Irregular Threats Cell at the Center for Advanced and Defense Studies (C4ADS). He is a specialist on illicit transnational networks in the Middle East and Africa.

Lakshmi Kumar is the policy director at Global Financial Integrity (GFI), a Washington, DC–based think tank specializing in research, advocacy, and advisory services. Kumar works on issues of illicit finance and trade and the vehicles, systems, and institutions that facilitate movement of illicit money across borders.

Matthew T. Page is a nonresident scholar with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, an associate fellow with the Africa Programme at Chatham House, and nonresident fellow with the Centre for Democracy and Development in Abuja. He does consultancy work and co-authored Nigeria: What Everyone Needs to Know (Oxford University Press, 2018). Until recently, Page was the U.S. intelligence community’s top Nigeria expert at the Department of State’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research. He has also served on the National Intelligence Council, at the Defense Intelligence Agency, and as an international affairs fellow with the Council on Foreign Relations.

Mustafa Qadri is the founder and executive director of Equidem Research and Consulting, which specializes in human rights and labor rights investigations. He is a human rights research and advocacy expert with over fifteen years of interdisciplinary experience in the government and public international law, journalism, and nongovernmental sectors. Mustafa has authored several human rights reports on the construction industry, civil and political rights issues, and media freedom, including “The Ugly Side of the Beautiful Game,” an investigation into labor abuse on Qatar 2022 World Cup construction sites.

Kristian Coates Ulrichsen is a fellow with the Center for the Middle Eastat Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy and an associate fellow at Chatham House. He has authored five books on the Gulf states, including The United Arab Emirates: Power, Politics, and Policy-Making (Routledge, 2016). His most recent book is Qatar and the Gulf Crisis (Hurst, 2019).

Jodi Vittori is a nonresident fellow with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the U.S. research and policy manager for Transparency International’s Defense and Security Program. She is an expert on the linkages of corruption, state fragility, illicit finance, and U.S. national security. Vittori is the author of Terrorist Financing and Resourcing (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011) and a co-author of the handbook “Corruption Threats and International Missions: Practical Guidance for Leaders.”