Table of Contents

Project Participants

The volume’s editors are grateful to the participants in a virtual workshop on “India, Korea, and the Future of Data,” and they are especially appreciative of those who offered helpful comments on chapter drafts. They also express thanks to the Korea Foundation for its generous support of this project. 

Bishakha Bhattacharya
Amazon India (and South Asia)

Anirudh Burman
Carnegie India

Anupam Chander
Georgetown University

Bonnie Carroll

Mila Gascó-Hernandez
University at Albany

Young Hoon Kim
Amazon Korea

James Miller
Amazon Japan

Joshua New

Lorrayne Porciuncula
Internet and Jurisdiction Policy Network

Paul Uhlir
Information Policy and Management Consultant

Upasana Sharma
Carnegie India

Naomi Wilson
Information Technology Industry Council

About the Authors

Evan A. Feigenbaum


Evan A. Feigenbaum is a vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he oversees research in Washington, Beijing, and New Delhi on a dynamic region encompassing both East Asia and South Asia. He was also the 2019–2020 James R. Schlesinger Distinguished Professor at the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, where he is now a practitioner senior fellow.

Initially an academic with a PhD in Chinese politics from Stanford University, Feigenbaum’s career has spanned government service, think tanks, the private sector, and three major regions of Asia. From 2001 to 2009, he served at the U.S. State Department as deputy assistant secretary of state for South Asia (2007–2009), deputy assistant secretary of state for Central Asia (2006–2007), member of the policy planning staff with principal responsibility for East Asia and the Pacific (2001–2006), and an adviser on China to deputy secretary of state Robert B. Zoellick, with whom he worked closely in the development of the U.S.-China senior dialogue. Following government service, Feigenbaum worked in the private and nonprofit sectors. He was vice chairman of the Paulson Institute at the University of Chicago and the co-founder of MacroPolo, its digital venture on the Chinese economy; head of the Asia practice at the markets consultancy Eurasia Group; and senior fellow for Asia at the Council on Foreign Relations.

Before government service, he worked at Harvard University as lecturer on government in the faculty of arts and sciences and as executive director of the Asia-Pacific Security Initiative and program chair of the Chinese Security Studies Program in the John F. Kennedy School of Government, and he was lecturer of national security affairs at the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School. He is the author of three books and monographs, including The United States in the New Asia and China’s Techno-Warriors: National Security and Strategic Competition From the Nuclear to the Information Age.

Michael R. Nelson


Michael R. Nelson is a senior fellow in the Carnegie Endowment’s Technology and International Affairs Program, which helps decisionmakers understand and address the impacts of emerging technologies, including digital technologies, biotechnology, and artificial intelligence. Prior to joining Carnegie, he started the global public policy office for Cloudflare, a startup that has improved the performance and security of more than 10 million websites around the world. Nelson has also served as a principal technology policy strategist in Microsoft’s Technology Policy Group and before that was a senior technology and telecommunications analyst with Bloomberg Government. In addition, Nelson has been teaching courses and doing research on the future of the internet, cyber policy, technology policy, innovation policy, and e-government in the Communication, Culture, and Technology Program at Georgetown University.

Before joining the Georgetown faculty, Nelson was director of internet technology and strategy at IBM, where he managed a team helping define and implement IBM’s next-generation internet strategy. He has served as chairman of the Information, Communication, and Computing Section of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, serves as a trustee of the Institute for International Communications, and was selected to be a “Global Leader of Tomorrow” by the World Economic Forum. From 1988 to 1993, he served as a professional staff member for the Senate’s Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space and was the lead Senate staffer for the High-Performance Computing Act. In 1993, he joined then vice president Al Gore at the White House and worked with then president Bill Clinton’s science adviser on issues relating to the Global Information Infrastructure, including telecommunications policy, information technology, encryption, electronic commerce, and information policy.

Rahul Matthan


Rahul Matthan is a partner with Trilegal and heads its technology, media, and telecommunications practice. He serves on the board of the firm. He is also a fellow with the Takshashila Institution’s Technology and Policy Research Program. He has advised on some of the largest technology and telecom acquisitions in the country. He advises domestic and international corporations on a wide range of regulatory issues including in relation to privacy, map regulation, fintech, encryption, spectrum regulation, e-commerce, the sharing economy, biotech, digital content, and streaming media. Matthan has been involved in a number of policy initiatives including assisting the Indian government in preparing the country’s privacy law as well as its unique ID law. He was a member of the Reserve Bank of India’s Committee on Household Finance and was part of the committee of experts on nonpersonal data regulation. He is a frequent speaker and has a weekly column on issues at the intersection of law and technology.

Taewoo Nam


Taewoo Nam is a professor in the Department of Public Administration and Graduate School of Governance at Sungkyunkwan University in Korea. He is also a research fellow at the Center for Technology in Government at the University at Albany, State University of New York. He serves as an editorial board member for Government Information Quarterly, the Policy Studies Journal, and the Journal of Global Information Management. His research interests include government innovation, open government, citizen participation, and digital government. Recent publications have appeared in leading journals related to those research interests, including Government Information Quarterly, Technology in Society, Telematics and Informatics, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Futures, the International Journal of Information Management, Computers in Human Behavior, the Social Science Computer Review, the Journal of Urban Technology, the Journal of Information Technology and Politics, and Information Polity.

Kyung Sin “KS” Park


Kyung Sin “KS” Park is a professor of law at Korea University. He served as a commissioner at the Korea Communication Standards Commission, a presidentially appointed internet content regulation body (2011–2014), and as a member of the National Media Commission, an advisory body to the National Assembly set up to examine the bills allowing media crossownership and other media and internet regulations. He is the executive director of Open Net Korea and was previously the executive director of the PSPD Law Center—part of People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy, a Seoul-based nongovernmental organization that promotes popular participation in government decisionmaking. These organizations have pursued and have won several high-profile legal cases and have pushed for legislative action in the areas of freedom of speech, privacy, net neutrality, web accessibility, digital innovation, and intellectual property.

Smriti Parsheera


Smriti Parsheera is a fellow with the CyberBRICS Project at Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV) Law School in Brazil. From 2016 to 2020, she was involved in setting up and led the technology policy work at New Delhi’s National Institute of Public Finance and Policy. She has also worked with the Competition Commission of India and the United Nations Development Programme and was a part of the research secretariat for India’s Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission. Her current research interests include data governance, digital rights, competition policy, and the study of policymaking processes. She studied law at the National Law School of India University, Bangalore, and the University of Pennsylvania School of Law and is currently pursuing a PhD in the School of Public Policy at the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi.

Shreya Ramann


Shreya Ramann is a consultant at Trilegal and is part of the technology, media, and telecommunications practice group. She has worked on legal structuring and advisory services for various clients in e-commerce, telecoms, payment and settlement systems, healthcare, and cybersecurity. She has also been involved in advising the government on policy reforms such as the nonpersonal data framework and geospatial data guidelines, as well as assisting clients with responses to significant government consultation papers on the e-commerce policy and the personal data protection framework.