More than three years after the fall of former leader Muammar Qaddafi, Libya is wracked by worsening civil war, foreign intervention, and the rise of transnational terrorism groups like the self-proclaimed Islamic State.

Where did it all go wrong? The authors of a new edited volume The Libyan Revolution and Its Aftermath examined the role of Libyan and outside actors in the country’s chaotic descent following the 2011 revolution.

Abdul Rahman AlAgeli

Abdul Rahman AlAgeli is a former security adviser to the office of the Libyan prime minister, deputy head of the supreme committee on border affairs, and co-founder of the Libyan Youth Forum. 

Peter Bartu

Peter Bartu teaches and researches political transitions in the Middle East and North Africa region at the University of California-Berkeley. He was present in Benghazi and Tripoli during the 2011 revolution as part of the United Nations’ standby mediation team.

Peter Cole

Peter Cole is the lead editor of The Libyan Revolution and Its Aftermath. He formerly worked as a senior analyst at International Crisis Group, and as a special consultant on non-state armed groups at UNSMIL and to the National Dialogue Preparatory Commission.

Mary Fitzgerald

Mary Fitzgerald is a freelance journalist focusing on Libya. Her writings have appeared in the Economist, the New Yorker, and Foreign Policy.

Frederic Wehrey

Frederic Wehrey is a senior associate in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. His writing on Libya has appeared in the New York Times, the Atlantic, Foreign Affairs, and Foreign Policy.