Yasser El-Shimy is the co-director of the Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States at the Carnegie Middle East Center. He is a Middle East analyst and scholar, who has worked at U.S. and Europe-based think tanks, including the European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR) and the International Crisis Group (ICG). He earned his PhD from Boston University in international relations and comparative politics. His most recent research focuses on the roles of the military and the Muslim Brotherhood in the failure of Egypt to democratize between 2011 and 2013. El-Shimy is currently an adjunct professor at the Elliott School of International Affairs at the George Washington University. El-Shimy previously worked in the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government.