Russia enjoys the world’s largest share of energy resources. While urban areas have grown more efficient in recent years, great expanses of the vast country continue to squander its valuable resources. Russia’s energy reserves can be conserved through available, cost-effective measures and this will lead to a more competitive economy, more jobs, and increased national income.
Leading experts analyze the interests of Afghanistan’s neighbors, what they mean in practice, and what it could mean for U.S. policy.
Managers of Sovereign Wealth Funds are seeing real progress on implementing the Santiago Principles—a voluntary code of conduct for SWFs designed to promote good governance, transparency, and accountability. In fact, however, implementation is highly uneven. There is still far to go if SWFs are to be responsible members of the global economy.
The Yemeni government has been mired in an unwinnable and sporadic civil conflict in the northern governorate of Saada since 2004. This war has weakened the central government, accelerated the economic crisis, and threatened global stability by emboldening al-Qaeda.
On May 1, 2010, the Center moved its Internet presence onto a platform fully integrated with the Carnegie Endowment’s global network. The new website will allow seamless navigation throughout the world of analysis and insight that the Endowment provides, putting our work in Moscow in the global context in which it rightfully belongs.
Despite its importance, Russia’s perspective has been missing from many previous analyses of coalition policy in Afghanistan. Dmitri Trenin and Alexey Malashenko fill that gap with a report that takes a fresh look at the coalition’s involvement in Afghanistan.
Despite its importance, Russia’s perspective has been missing from many previous analyses of coalition policy in Afghanistan. Moscow is an essential part of the Afghan equation that is often overlooked.
The Carnegie Endowment announces the launch of the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy, a joint U.S.–China research center based at Tsinghua University in Beijing, China.
Coalition strategy in Afghanistan has reached an impasse: tactical successes will not defeat the Taliban while Pakistan offers sanctuary, nor can security be “Afghanized” by a government that lacks legitimacy and is irreparably unpopular. A less costly and more effective option would be a negotiated agreement with the Taliban that paves the way for a unity government.
While there is virtually no hope that the 2009 Armenian–Turkish Protocols will be ratified soon, the parties should take small steps to rebuild confidence and affirm their faith in the process.
Marwan Muasher, a prominent Jordanian diplomat and politician who served as Jordan’s foreign minister and deputy prime minister, will join the Carnegie Endowment. As vice president for studies, Muasher will oversee the work of the Endowment’s Middle East Program in Washington and its Middle East Center in Beirut.
In Prague, President Obama declared America’s commitment to seeking a world free of nuclear weapons. Obama’s vision has been misinterpreted by the right and the left and, more importantly, key countries have not done enough to help achieve progress. George Perkovich analyzes, country by country, reactions to Obama’s nuclear agenda.
Moisés Naím, editor-in-chief of the award-winning Foreign Policy magazine, will rejoin the Carnegie Endowment. As a senior associate in Carnegie’s International Economics Program, Naím will analyze international economics and politics, trade and investment, multilateral organizations, economic reforms, and the economic, political, and cultural consequences of globalization.
The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) is a unique and valuable U.S. development tool that could reach its full potential if protected from Washington’s emphasis on short-term political victories.
Recent arrests of high profile Afghan Taliban leaders by Pakistan do not indicate a strategic change in Pakistan’s counterterrorism strategy. In reality, Pakistan wants to assume a leading role in negotiating and reconciling with the Afghan Taliban to ensure a friendlier neighbor after the United States withdraws.
A military campaign against Yemen’s secessionist Southern Movement would only further inflame its supporters and increase support for al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). Instead a political solution is required that addresses the unresolved problems from the country’s poorly-executed unification in the early 1990s.
Given the reset in U.S.–Russian relations, the time is ripe for the United States, Europe, and Russia to devise a security architecture for a new century, one capable of maintaining peace and stability on the European continent throughout the years to come.
Western policy makers are scrambling to respond decisively to Yemen’s instability after the failed Christmas Day attack. But there are limits to how much foreign intervention can accomplish—Yemen’s political system needs to become less centralized and more inclusive.
The Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood has begun to scale back its political engagement, and instead will focus on a traditional religious, educational, and social agenda. The consequence will be an even greater lack of political competition.
The Obama administration’s silence on Egypt’s political crackdown only emboldens the regime and erodes U.S. credibility in the region.