February 2007, Vol. 2, No. 2

Feature 1: Putin's India Visit
Putin and Singh
Russian President Vladimir Putin’s visit to India was accorded very high significance and was seen as a landmark trip for India-Russia bilateral relations. Various agreements were signed, taking relations to "new heights" in various areas, particularly in the defense, nuclear, energy, space and technology sectors. Significantly, the two sides also signed a Memorandum of Intent for the construction of four more nuclear reactors as well as the construction of Russian-design nuclear power plants at new sites in India, conditional on the changing of rules by the international community. Continue to read more.

Feature 2: The India-Pakistan Peace Process
The India-Pakistan peace process has seemingly gained momentum recently, and many in the South Asian media are claiming that the peace process could very well be entering a decisive phase. In continuation of our earlier coverage of this issue, this month we have selected different views on the prospects for the peace process and expected next steps. We welcome further dialogue on this important topic and would be happy to receive contributions from our readers. (We will continue to feature this discussion in upcoming issues. Email your comments and opinions to
Continue to read more

In this Issue:
  1. Feature: Putin’s India visit; India-Pakistan peace process: entering a decisive stage
  2. Views from South Asia:
    INDIA: Foreign Policy and Domestic Politics: China’s anti-satellite tests; India-China naval rivalry; violence in India’s northeast; India and East Asia; India’s relations with Japan and Vietnam; a 'Look West’ Policy?; India’s intelligence agencies
    Economics and Energy: Overheating and inflation fears; rural-urban telecom divide; information technology and corruption; stock markets; climate policy; cost effectiveness of nuclear power; hedging strategies for energy security
    PAKISTAN: Pakistan-Afghanistan border issues; Iran-Pakistan-India pipeline; general elections
    BANGLADESH: Terrorism and JMB; ID system; election timeline; anti-corruption commission; banking sector reform; stock markets
    NEPAL: Constituent assembly elections; government structure; lessons from peace process; federalism debate
    SRI LANKA: Latest round of defections; government-opposition relations; bilingual administration; federalism
  3. In-Depth Analysis: U.S.-India nuclear deal; India-Japan relations; Chinese anti-satellite test; India-Pakistan trade
  4. Additional Resources: Interviews with ASEAN Secretary-General; Singapore’s Foreign Minister; Anil Kakodkar, chairman of India’s Atomic Energy Commission; IPCS Strategic Review; agreements and statements during Putin’s visit; Shyam Saran on U.S.-India nuclear deal; Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry Press Statements; Sri Lankan President’s speeches; Sri Lankan Economic Bulletin



Editor's Note

This month, we cover two key developments in South Asia in our Feature section. First, Russian President Vladimir Putin's visit was watched carefully by observers at home and abroad and covered extensively in the Indian media. Second, the India-Pakistan peace process might be showing key signs of revitalization and there is optimism in the air on both sides of the border. India 's push eastward to APEC and ASEAN was reflected in Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's trip to the region, and will clearly continue to be a key component of Indian foreign policy in coming years.

Pakistan’s border with Afghanistan remained troubled, even as the domestic situation surrounding upcoming general elections continued to be unclear. Bangladesh remained in limbo with the interim government persisting with preparations for free and fair elections. In Sri Lanka, President Rajapakse’s success in breaking the ranks of the opposition has strengthened his position in Parliament but might have damaging implications for the peace process with the LTTE. In Nepal, in view of increasing violence in its southern Terai region, the idea of federalism as a way to address the ethnic problems was debated.

We hope to spark a lively debate over the ongoing developments in the Indo-Pak peace process. Please do send in your comments and opinions, as we continue to follow the process.

Anirudh Suri
Editor, South Asian Perspectives

Feature 1
PutinPutin’s Visit to India
For an extensive coverage of the deals and agreements signed during the trip, please see the special coverage in the Times of India. See another news report here (Economic Times, January 25, 2007) and an article in the International Herald Tribune for the agreement to build 4 more nuclear plants in India.

Rajiv Sikri highlights the significance of India’s relationship with Russia, arguing that it is as close as it comes to being a true strategic partnership, yet one about which the general public remains somewhat ignorant (, January 23, 2007).

An editorial argues that “India’s energy security could be assured for a long time if New Delhi plays its cards right” and that “stepped up Indian exports and investment in Russia, along with joint technology development projects, would be the harbinger of a new, equal relationship” (Times of India, January 26, 2007).

B. Raman points out that though large sections of Indian public servants continue to have a “greater comfort level with Russia than with the U.S.,“India’s relations with Russia are “largely three-dimensional—military and energy supplies and political support in matters affecting our national security” and “are unlikely to expand beyond those three dimensions” (SAAG Paper No. 2018, January 24, 2007).

Subhash Kapila
surveys Indian and Russian perspectives on the strategic convergence of interests between the two countries and believes that Putin’s trip has come at a critical juncture when Russia is signaling its intentions to “emerge as a more forceful independent power center in global affairs” (SAAG Paper No. 2096, January 15, 2007).

nuclear energyEnergy/Nuclear
C. Raja Mohan analyzes the impact of Putin’s visit on India-Russia relations as well as its significance for U.S.-India relations (Indian Express, January 26, 2007) while an editorial argues that Putin’s visit has only “underlined the need for continued focus on seeing the Indo-US deal through” (Indian Express, January 27, 2007).

R. Ramachandran
argues that even as potential nuclear technology suppliers jockey up for space in the Indian market,“India's decision on importing nuclear systems should be dictated primarily by the right to reprocess the spent fuel and to use the separated plutonium in safeguarded breeder reactors“ (Hindu, January 26, 2007).

Shiv Aroor explains how Russia and India are moving to “consolidate the old defense relationship in the context of transforming geo-strategic relations, particularly in the context of New Delhi’s growing ties with the US,” (Indian Express, January 26, 2007) while highlighting the significance of new joint ventures in developing advanced stealth fighter aircraft (Indian Express, January 25, 2007).

Ajay Lele
points out that the three space-related pacts signed by the two countries “assume relevance particularly when viewed against the backdrop of recent Chinese adventurism in testing an anti-satellite weapon” (Indian Express, January 30, 2007).

Russian Perspectives
Vladimir Radyuhin highlights the abysmally low volume of bilateral trade and believes that Putin’s visit is a chance for course correction (Hindu, January 23, 2007) while Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov elaborates on Russia’s new foreign policy imperatives (Hindu, January 24, 2007). On a different note, Vladimir Radyuhin warns that “India must adapt to the dramatically changed situation in the Russian market if it wants to get broader access to that country’s vast oil and gas resources” and “can no longer hope to exploit the rhetoric of a ‘strategic partnership’" (Hindu, January 2, 2007).

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Feature 2: The India-Pakistan Peace Process: Entering a Decisive Stage?

Indian Perspectives

nuclear energyVerghese Koithara believes that “the India-Pakistan peace effort is now passing through a decisive phase” as “both have moved away from long-hardened policy positions,” while lamenting that “there is not much popular comprehension yet of the historic nature of these shifts or of the strategic reasons that have necessitated them” (Economic and Political Weekly, January 5, 2007).

A.G. Noorani, also believing that there is a distinct change in climate over the Kashmir issue, suggests that “the best course is for India and Pakistan to settle the basic framework of joint mechanism and the residue left for self-governance; hold elections to the state legislatures in both parts and solicit their views; and finally hold an All Jammu & Kashmir Legislators’ Convention.” Only then, he believes, an “accord can be finalized and implemented in accordance with their respective constitutional processes” (Hindustan Times, January 29, 2007).

Looking back at Pranab Mukherjee’s visit to Pakistan in January, C. Raja Mohan believes that it “appears to have resulted in a broad understanding on intensifying the peace process in the coming weeks. This will include an acceleration of the back channel negotiations on J&K, initiating the fourth round of the composite dialogue, quick settlements on Siachen and Sir Creek, institutionalizing the proposed cooperation on counter-terrorism, deepening nuclear confidence-building measures, and easing travel between the two countries. If the new script unfolds as planned, Dr Singh should start packing his bags for the long overdue visit to Pakistan and prepare to announce with Musharraf some major breakthroughs on J&K” (Indian Express, January 16, 2007). An editorial similarly believes that “Mr. Mukherjee's visit has underlined the fact that the peace process is firmly on track” (Hindu, January 17, 2007).

Meanwhile, Praveen Swami, focusing on the domestic situation in Kashmir, details how “Mirwaiz Umar Farooq has candidly acknowledged that the Islamist rebellion of 1989 has failed” and believes that “the APHC chairman should now join in an inclusive, multi-party dialogue to marginalize terrorism” (Hindu, January 31, 2007). Barkha Dutt urges Prime Minister Singh to lead the way in Kashmir in addressing the challenge of bringing the disparate, younger voices of the Valley onto one platform (Hindustan Times, February 2, 2007).

K.R. Srinivasan argues that “though Pakistan had all along argued the Sir Creek issue from historical status and the maps available, its sudden shift in favor of the joint survey should make the Indian government ponder as to its designs” (Hindustan Times, January 18, 2007).

Pakistani Perspectives

MusharrafKunwar Idris points out that “for the first time since the early years of independence there is a whiff of optimism in the air that a solution may be found to the problem of Kashmir” and that “President Musharraf’s four-point plan and the visit of Hurriyet leaders from the Valley have combined to set in motion a hopeful process which the predictable opinion-mongers must not be allowed to scuttle” (Dawn, January 28, 2007).

Tariq Fatemi describes the reasons for the “air of optimism on Kashmir” but emphasizes that “Islamabad needs to tell the Indian leadership that while it is fully supportive of the CBMs and remains committed to them India has to show willingness to consider political issues, especially contentious ones, such as Siachen and Kashmir” without which disappointment in Pakistan “could soon be transformed into anger that would make it difficult for the peace process to be maintained” (Dawn, January 27, 2007).

Many agree that “the Kashmir dispute has consumed too much of the energies of India and Pakistan over the past sixty years.” Rasul Bakhsh Rais argues that “resolving stubborn conflicts like Kashmir requires flexibility, bargaining and compromise” and “the major difficulty in this situation is asymmetry between the contending powers” ( Daily Times, January 23, 2007).

Abbas Rashid believes that the question that remains is whether the governments working on this logjam will devote enough political capital to create a lasting peace or another temporary solution. He also urges Musharraf to remember that “neither on Kashmir nor on the increasingly difficult Western border with Afghanistan will he be able to deliver without the necessary political support” (Daily Times, January 27, 2007).

The mood in Pakistan is increasingly of reconciliation. K.J.M. Varma reports how President Pervez Musharraf has shifted the focus of his “efforts to resolve the issue has changed from a ‘confrontationist’ approach to that of ‘reconciliation’” (Hindustan Times, February 5, 2007). Seema Sirohi, however, remains skeptical of Musharraf, claiming that his “habit of announcing peace initiatives to grab headlines while managing the terror-Taliban network is no longer sustainable as credible foreign policy” (Outlook India, January 30, 2007, free registration required).

An editorial believes that convergence towards a solution of the Kashmir dispute is slowly taking place, citing statements such as those from the president of the ruling Pakistan Muslim League, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain who attempted to “break the politicians’ taboo on thinking creatively about Kashmir” by publicly declaring that “the time has come to take bold and unpopular decisions to resolve the Kashmir dispute between Pakistan and India” on lines “other than the UN resolutions” (Daily Times, January 21, 2007).

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Views from South Asia

Domestic Politics and Foreign Policy

chinaChina’s Anti-Satellite Test (ASAT)
India’s response to China’s anti-satellite tests has been mixed. While the official establishment has refused to read too much into the tests and has called for peaceful use of outer space (Hindu, February 5, 2007), other strategic analysts think otherwise. Jasjit Singh believes that there is now “new space for an arms race” (Indian Express, January 27, 2007),
while Ajay Lele warns that “given its aspiration of emerging as a major space player in the world, India should also take this test seriously because of a possible threat by China to its own low earth orbit satellites” (IPCS Article No. 2192, January 22, 2007).

An editorial went further, claiming that Beijing’s test “threatens our own expanding civilian space assets, undermines the credibility of our nuclear deterrent, and exposes New Delhi’s lack of a military space strategy” (Indian Express, January 22, 2007), even as India announced its plans to set up an aerospace command (Times of India, January 28, 2007).

C. Raja Mohan cautions that “Beijing is testing strategic waters in India’s backyard” and raising “the stakes in the unfolding competition with India for naval influence in the Indian Ocean” (Indian Express, January 30, 2007).

The Northeast Frontier Challenge
India’s northeast has been gripped with violence in recent months. An editorial describes the “ULFA challenge” (Hindu, January 10, 2007) while Dr. Anand Kumar elaborates on why the Indian Government has changed its strategy to deal with ULFA by adopting a harder stance against it (SAAG Paper No. 2118, January 29, 2007). Sudheendra Kulkarni explains how geography is key to the integration of India’s northeastern states with the rest of the country (Indian Express, January 28, 2007). In another article, he characterizes the recent violence in the region as a “a gory drama, directed by Pakistan’s ISI” (Indian Express, January 14, 2007). In another article he highlights the need to “recognize that Bangladesh has to be, and can be made a part of the solution to these very problems” (Indian Express, February 4, 2007).

India and East Asia
An editorial hopes that “as a founder-participant in the evolving EAS process, India is already privy to the inter-state affairs of the Pacific-bordering East Asia” and that “APEC membership will be a logical follow-up, with potential benefits to both sides” (Hindu, January 13, 2007). Another editorial argues that India’s “‘Look East’ policy has correctly focused on economic engagement with countries in South East Asia and in the larger East Asian region” and that it “must avoid going along with any strategy of countering or containing China or any other country in the region” (Hindu, January 30, 2007). Though “the recently concluded fifth Indo-Asean summit at the Philippine city of Cebu did not quite result in a breakthrough in the talks on a free trade agreement between the two,” an editorial claims that “the discussions were significant in themselves” (Hindu, January 19, 2007).

India and Japan relationsIndia’s Relations with Japan and Vietnam
Subhash Kapila
believes that though “Japan-India strategic cooperation as an Asian security imperative is unquestionable,” it is not likely that Japan and India can reach the stage of substantive strategic cooperation anytime soon (SAAG Paper No. 2099, January 18, 2007). Meanwhile, Vu Quang Diem believes that “the traditional friendship and excellent political relations provide a sound base for the development of deeper economic linkages” (Hindu, January 5, 2007).

India’s Look West Policy?
Believing that India’s Look East policy is unlikely to face any major surprises, C. Raja Mohan highlights the need for a “Look West” policy and identifies nine elements that would help secure India’s growing interests in its western neighborhood (Indian Express, January 8, 2007). David Danieli, Israeli Ambassador to India, emphasizing the strong bonds of friendship between the two countries, highlights the fact that “the potential of deepening Indo-Israel bilateral relations is vast, considering our respective young and talented societies, common values and knowledge-based economies” (Hindustan Times, January 30, 2007).

India’s Intelligence Agencies

Lamenting the state of India’s intelligence agencies, Saikat Datta outlines a prescription for RAW: “Junk archaic training methods; develop a holistic approach in core areas of concern such as Pakistan, China, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal; hire talented officers, agents directly instead of using the IPS or deputation route; and concentrate on language skills and develop a technological corps” (Outlook India, February 5, 2007, free registration required).

Economics and Energy

IndiaOverheating and Inflation Fears
Fears of overheating have grown as India’s economy has grown rapidly in recent months. Inflation, always a politically explosive issue, crossed the 6 percent barrier on January 5, 2007. Swaminathan Aiyar explains why inflation has risen and what can be done to curb it (Times of India, January 20, 2007). Prem Shankar Jha argues that the recent shift in policy stance—the emphasis has moved away from growth towards containing inflation—displays “a regrettable inability to learn from our past mistakes” (Hindustan Times, February 1, 2007).

Rural-Urban Telecom Divide
Sambasiva Rao
discusses the factors that have contributed to the divide in telecom services and issues associated with creating and sharing a backbone network in rural areas (Economic and Political Weekly, January 20, 2007).

IT and Corruption
Prabhudev Konana
argues that “information technology is not a panacea but it offers the potential to minimize day-to-day harassment and corruption” (Hindu, January 29, 2007).

Stock Markets

Sucheta Dalal
claims that “restrictive ownership and irrational fears are killing the prospects of appropriate valuation as well as the growth and globalization of Indian bourses” (Financial Express, February 5, 2007).

nuclear energyClimate Policy

Yvo de Boer
argues that though “industrialized countries, which are historically responsible for a large part of the current level of greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere, must continue to take the lead by signing up to stronger commitments,” this should not mean that “large emerging economies must not also take a leading role and act fast to rein in their burgeoning emissions” (Hindustan Times, January 23, 2007).

Economic Viability of Nuclear Power
M.V. Ramana
concludes that “the [Nuclear Power Corporation] NPC’s claim that nuclear power is cost competitive can only make sense if one ignores the significant subsidies offered to it through the DAE.” Furthermore, “even when those are included, nuclear power is not really economically viable in a competitive environment” (Economic and Political Weekly, January 13, 2007). In addition, the Prayas Energy Group argues that “the successful bids for two ultra-mega power projects in Sasan and Mundra indicate that competitive bidding could be used to procure power at low rates and that the UMPPs may help reduce inefficiencies in coal operations” (Economic and Political Weekly, January 13, 2007)

Hedging Strategies for Energy Security
Jaimini Bhagwati
contends that “multi-pronged real sector policies to hedge against the exposure to disruptions in oil supplies and sustained high prices should be complemented by financial strategies” (Business Standard, February 8, 2007).

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Editor’s note: An article by Carlotta Gall (New York Times, January 22, 2007) describing the rough treatment meted out to two journalists in Pakistan and the role of Pak's intelligence agencies evoked a strong response from different quarters. The following articles discuss Gall’s claims in the context of the larger issue of Pakistan’s role as a U.S. ally and Pakistan-Afghanistan relations.

Musharraf and KarzaPakistan-Afghanistan Relations
Shahid Javed Burki
suggests that “Islamabad should begin to use economics more rigorously and more aggressively to bring about change in the tribal areas” and “not be deterred by the usual argument that it is practically impossible to change this part of the country.” Pointing out that indeed “there are now plans to bring social and economic development to the tribal belts on both sides of the border,” he recommends that the estimated $8 billion needed to bring about change on the Pakistani side, and about $5-6 billion needed on the Afghanistan side, “should be made available rather than spent on a more vigorous military campaign” (Dawn, January 30, 2007).

Najmuddin A. Shaikh argues that agreements with the tribal influentials to win peace is a good idea “only if the peace so won is used to commence the sort of political and developmental activity that can erode the Taliban base of support, and rebuild the authority of the administration and of the traditional tribal maliks” (Dawn, January 24, 2007).

Dushka H Saiyid posits that “the failure of the Iraq project is not military but strategic and political” and reiterates that “the same mistakes are being made in Afghanistan, where an asymmetric war is being fought, but all political initiatives are being excluded.” He concludes that “military force has its limitations, and it is necessary to talk to all stakeholders, the insurgents and the neighbors” (Dawn, February 2, 2007).

Iran-Pakistan-India Pipeline
Having been in the pipeline for so long, Rasul Bakhsh Rais muses over whether recent developments have created a climate where an agreement on the the Iran-Pakistan-India pipelines is now possible. (Daily Times, January 30, 2007) The Daily Times also recognizes the importance of the Iran-Pakistan-India Pipeline (Daily Times, January 28, 2007).

General Elections
As we move closer to the elections in Pakistan, questions regarding what changes will consequently occur are being widely debated. Ayaz Amir believes that “the most important issue is the presidential election” and whether the opposition parties will be able to put up a united front or simply “dance to the president’s tune” again. Furthermore, he contends that “for the first time since the October 99 coup the initiative will be with the opposition parties, not the government” and “what they make of it will have a bearing on the question whether Pakistan has a democratic future” (Dawn, January 12, 2007).

Joining in the debate, Irfan Husain argues that the question is not whether Musharraf will still be in power; rather, it is more pertinent to ask which political party will enter the new government alongside him (Dawn, January 20, 2007).

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Musharraf and KarzaBibhu Prasad Routray warns that “the much hyped arrests of Bangla Bhai and the visible leadership of JMB have only reinforced the anonymity of the shadowy group of controllers who supported the group behind the scenes in their grandiose plans for a radicalized Islamist Bangladesh” (Outlook India, February 8, 2007, free registration required).

Abdullah A Ferdous argues that trust in electoral rolls can only be achieved when the identity system is reliable and stable, and operates in conditions that provide genuine value and benefit to the individual (New Age, January 28, 2007).

A.B.M.S. Zahur contends that credible, free and fair elections cannot be held before the completion of jobs relating to reconstitution of EC, issue of ID cards, recovery of illegal arms, and process of depoliticisation of police force—all of which will require at least six months (Daily Star, January 27, 2007).

A.N.M. Nurul Haque
argues that to reinvigorate the Anti-Corruption Commission, its top brass needs to be replaced “with dynamic and devoted persons who can shoulder the sacred and onerous responsibility of curbing corruption without fear or favor” in addition to equipping the ACC with basic laws and regulations for its effective functioning (New Age, January 30, 2007).

Ajai Sahni
believes that “rapid developments seem to have dissipated the enormous tensions built up over the preceding months of mass political mobilization” and that Bangladesh might finally be “inching back from the precipice” (Outlook India, January 18, 2007, free registration required).

An editorial concedes that “Sonali, Agrani and Janata Bank need far-reaching reforms” and “are undoubtedly at the core of the rampant corruption that characterizes the banking sector” but cautions that the corporatization of these banks is beyond the mandate of the current interim government (New Age, January 25, 2007).

Ali Zaman contends that “the current buoyancy in the share market will not last long unless the overall situation of the market improves” and in addition, “it will never be possible to bring about healthy changes in the share market keeping about 50 per cent of the companies out of the mainstream of the capital market” (New Age, February 5, 2007).

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chinaMurari Sharma addresses the importance of fee and fair constituent assembly elections but stresses that taking the necessary steps to preserve the spirit of the elections is even more crucial (

Keshab Poudel questions whether the reconstruction of Nepal’s governmental structure has simply created a dictatorship of eight parties (

Samrat Sinha argues that “the central lesson that can be drawn from the peace process in Nepal is that in order to construct a viable post-conflict peace, it is not sufficient to possess democratic institutions” and that “there must exist a normative structure and ideational consensus among the warring factions that peace will be beneficial for the larger population” (

Tilak B. Shrestha
argues that the introduction of a federal system in Nepal will not alleviate the county’s troubles, and will instead worsen the existing problems. He draws a parallel to the identity of ethnic groups in the United States and uses this example to explain why it is necessary to include and accept all groups for the country to move forward ( Raju Adhikari disagrees and painstakingly explains how federalism, if implemented properly, can help solve the problems that exist in Terai and perhaps the country as a whole (

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RajapaksaB. Muralidhar Reddy posits that “despite the latest round of defections, it is unlikely that President Rajapaksa will avoid a general election” (Hindu, January 29, 2007).

An editorial predicts that “the string of military successes over the past few months will embolden the Mahinda Rajapaksa government to continue chasing the Tigers out of its remaining strongholds in the east, particularly Trincomalee” (Hindu, January 29, 2007).

Subhash Wickramasinghe argues that “the present situation is such the government is faced with a very serious and a calamitous situation where separatist terrorism has reached the doorstep of the government” and consequently, “circumstances have pushed the government and the opposition to close ranks to face the common enemy head on” (Daily Mirror, January 16, 2007).

Ayesha Zuhair contends that “understanding and valuing cultural diversity–which includes the critical component of language–are the keys to countering racism and promoting tolerant societies” and that “based on this understanding, Sri Lanka should work towards establishing a bilingual administration that is not just restricted to the statute books, but is applicable for the lives of her citizens” (Daily Mirror, February 1, 2007).

Sanjana Hattotuwa
makes the “case for federalism–that it is not merely a solution to the ethnic conflict but a means by which to secure better living conditions, better governance, better service delivery, and more accountable, transparent and responsive state institutions in the service of citizens in the south, west, east and north of Sri Lanka” (Daily Mirror, February 3, 2007).

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In-Depth Analysis
U.S.-India Nuclear Deal
U.S. India Nuclear DealP.R. Chari
analyzes the various issues in the debate over the nuclear deal and concludes that “these are issues that New Delhi should factor into its 123 negotiations with the United States, rather than issue needlessly incendiary statements, while hoping, in a serendipitous fashion, that President Bush will somehow override the amending law passed by Congress for transferring nuclear technology to India.” (IPCS Issue Brief No. 42, January 2007)

India-Japan Relations
India-Japan relationsAmbassador Lalit Mansingh
suggests that India “must carry on as long as we can the strategic dialogue with China and the strategic and global partnership with Japan.” However, he concedes that if “forced to choose between China and Japan, [his] bet will be on Japan” (IPCS Issue Brief No. 43, January 2007).

Chinese Anti-Satellite Test
chinaP.R. Chari
argues that instead of letting vested interests use the Chinese ASAT test to urge for deploying relevant ASAT and missile defense systems, India should take the lead in promoting a Convention for preventing space from becoming the next battlefield (IPCS Special Report No. 34, February 2007).

India-Pakistan Trade
India-PakistanNisha Taneja
argues that “restrictive trade policies, limited trade routes, inadequate transport infrastructure and procedural hindrances lead to high transaction costs for Indian exports to Pakistan” and “suggests measures that could lower such costs” (Economic and Political Weekly, January 13, 2007).

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Additional Resources
IPCS Strategic Review, No. 19, February 2007.


Interview with Anil Kakodkar, chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, "implementation of Hyde Act would mean shifting of goal posts" (Hindu, January 17, 2007).

Interview with Singapore Foreign Minister George Yeo, "India and China are key to peace in Asia" (Hindu, January 24, 2007).

Interview with Asean Secretary General Ong Keng Yong, "the ASEAN-India relationship has reached a high point" (Hindu, January 30, 2007).

Official Visit of H.E. Mr Vladimir V Putin, President of the Russian Federation to India [January 25-26, 2007]
Joint Statement on the outcome of the Official Visit of H.E. Mr. Vladimir V. Putin, President of the Russian Federation to the Republic of India, January 25, 2007 (PDF).

Joint Statement by the Prime Minister of the Republic of India and the President of the Russia Federation on Cooperation in the field of peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, January 25, 2007 (PDF).

List of agreements signed between the Republic of India and the Russian Federation during the Official visit of H.E. Mr Vladimir V. Putin, President of the Russian Federation to India, January 25-26, 2007 (PDF).

Opening Remarks of Dr Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister at Joint Press Interaction during the visit of H.E. Mr Vladimir President of Russian Federation, January 25, 2007 (PDF).

Transcript of the Joint Press Conference of President of Russian Federation H.E. Mr. Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh, January 25, 2007 (PDF).

Speeches and Statements

Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s address at the 5th India-ASEAN Summit, January 14, 2007 (PDF).

Statement by Official Spokesperson on the signing of the India-Bhutan Friendship Treaty, February 8, 2007 (PDF).

Address by Indian External Affairs Minister at the Inaugural session of the International Seminar on “Aerospace Power in tomorrow’s world,” February 4, 2007 (PDF).

Address by Indian External Affairs Minister on the occasion of National launch of Global India Foundation—“India and the Global Balance of Power,” January 16, 2007 (PDF).

Joint Press Interaction of Indian External Affairs Minister, Mr. Pranab Mukherjee with Foreign Minister of Pakistan, Mr. Khurshid Mahmood Kasuri during his visit to Islamabad, January 14, 2007 (PDF).

Joint Press Conference of Indian External Affairs Minister, Shri Pranab Mukherjee with Afghanistan Foreign Minister Dr. Spanta in Kabul, January 23, 2007 (PDF).

Excerpts from a talk by Shyam Saran, Special Envoy of the Prime Minister on “India-United States Understanding on Civil Nuclear Cooperation: The Way Ahead” (India Habitat Center, New Delhi, January 10, 2007).

Transcript of Address by Shri Shyam Saran, Special Envoy of the Prime Minister at the Japan Institute of International Affairs, January 15, 2007 (PDF).

Press Briefings by the Pakistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs:
Feb 6, 2007 Jan 31, 2007Jan 22, 2007Jan 15, 2007Jan 8, 2007Jan 3, 2007.

Sri Lanka
Statement by His Excellency Mahinda Rajapaksa, President of Sri Lanka, made at the Inaugural Ceremony of the Sri Lanka Development Forum 2007 Galle, Sri Lanka.

Address by His Excellency President Mahinda Rajapaksa at the 59th Independence Commemoration on February 4, 2007.

Sri Lanka’s Economic and Market Bulletin.

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  Editorial Staff

Anirudh Suri, junior fellow, South Asia Program, Carnegie Endowment

Gretchen Smith, program assistant, South Asia Program, Carnegie Endowment

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
1779 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20005
Ph: 202-939-2306

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