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Carnegie Endowment for International Peace | Proliferation News
February 12, 2009

2009 Carnegie International Nonproliferation Conference

  • Exposing Nuclear Non-compliance
  • Is Iran Running Out of Yellowcake?
    ISIS Report
  • U.S. Now Sees Iran as Pursuing Nuclear Bomb
    Los Angeles Times
  • Reset Nuclear Arms Negotiations Now
    The Moscow Times
  • Munich Brings Hopes, Doubts for U.S.-Russia Relations
    Congressional Quarterly
  • Russia, India Sign $700 Mln in Nuclear Fuel Deals
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Exposing Nuclear Non-compliance

Pierre Goldschmidt, Survival
UNThe nuclear non-proliferation regime, so vital to maintaining international peace and security, is under increasing threat, particularly from countries that deliberately violate their non-proliferation obligations. Experience with North Korea and Iran has demonstrated that non-compliance must be addressed promptly and effectively. Iran has sought to exploit inconsistencies in how the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) reports violations, including its own case and that of Libya, as well as the less worrying but still significant cases of South Korea and Egypt. Clarifying the technical and statutory basis by which the IAEA exposes non-compliance is one immediate way the non-proliferation regime can be strengthened.

Is Iran Running Out of Yellowcake? (PDF)

David Albright, Jacqueline Shire and Paul Brannan, ISIS Report
Iran could be close to exhausting its supply of uranium oxide while lacking the adequate resources to sustain indigenous commercial-scale uranium processing and enrichment. Our conclusion, echoed in a recent report by Mark Hibbs in Nuclear Fuel, is based on an examination of Iran's uranium reserves, its stocks of yellowcake (uranium oxide) acquired from overseas sources and, the requirements to sustain a commercial nuclear power program. The absence of activity at one of Iran's two uranium mines casts further doubt on its claims that it can establish independence in the fuel cycle required for a civil nuclear energy program.

U.S. Now Sees Iran as Pursuing Nuclear Bomb

Greg Miller, Los Angeles Times
Little more than a year after U.S. spy agencies concluded that Iran had halted work on a nuclear weapon, the Obama administration has made it clear that it believes there is no question that Tehran is seeking the bomb.

Reset Nuclear Arms Negotiations Now

Daryl G. Kimball, The Moscow Times
The Cold War ended nearly two decades ago, yet U.S. and Russian nuclear doctrines and capabilities remain largely unchanged. Washington and Moscow are no longer enemies, yet today each country still deploys at least 2,200 strategic nuclear weapons, many of which are primed for a quick launch to deter a surprise attack by the other.

Munich Brings Hopes, Doubts for U.S.-Russia Relations

Josh Rogin, Congressional Quarterly
Lawmakers and experts warned Tuesday that engagement and cooperation with Russia on a number of strategic issues is fraught with challenges.

Russia, India Sign $700 Mln in Nuclear Fuel Deals

Russia signed more than $700 million in deals on Wednesday to supply India's nuclear reactors with fuel pellets, Russia's state-owned nuclear company said in a statement.


Produced twice-weekly, Proliferation News provides a free summary of news and analysis on efforts to prevent the spread and use of nuclear weapons. Visit Carnegie's Nonproliferation Program website for further information and resources. Please send your comments and suggestions to the Editor at

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