George Perkovich and James Acton, Carnegie Report
Abolishing Nuclear Weapons
by George Perkovich and James Acton was first published by the International Institute for Strategic Studies as an Adelphi Paper in September 2008. The paper sought to jump-start a broad international debate about how to achieve the immensely important and equally difficult goal of nuclear disarmament.
The present volume takes the next step. A distinguished group of experts—current and former officials, respected analysts and authors—from thirteen countries critique the Adelphi Paper, which is reprinted here. Their diverse views explore pathways around obstacles to nuclear disarmament and sharpen questions requiring further deliberation. The volume concludes with an essay by Perkovich and Acton that works through some of the key questions and dilemmas raised by the critiques.
Shaun Waterman, United Press International
The Obama administration is planning a series of "game-changing" moves on global nuclear disarmament, according to members of a commission sponsored by Japan and Australia.
Sharon Squassoni, Americas Quarterly
Nuclear power, long on the outs, is fashionable again—this time as an antidote to energy insecurity and global climate change. In Latin America, the current plans for nuclear expansion are ambitious. Argentina and Brazil may seek to double or triple existing nuclear capacity. Mexico may build as many as eight more reactors by 2025. Chile, Venezuela and Uruguay are similarly caught up in the enthusiasm for nuclear energy.
Shahram Chubin, Survival
Iran-US relations – strained at the best of times since the 1979 Iranian revolution – have never been worse than during the past six years, due to the much more intense interaction between the two states since the revelations about Iran's nuclear ambitions and the United States' invasion of Iraq.
Japanese companies played a key role in supplying equipment used for Pakistan's nuclear arms program, investigations by Kyodo News in Islamabad and Tokyo have revealed in recent days.
Philip Taubman, The New York Times
The Obama administration seems ready to resuscitate relations with Russia, including by renewing nuclear-arms-reduction talks. Even before the inaugural parade wound down, the White House Web site offered up a list of ambitious nuclear policy goals, with everything from making bomb-making materials more secure to the eventual abolition of nuclear weapons.
North Korea is operating a secret underground plant to make nuclear bombs from highly enriched uranium (HEU) despite denying that such a programme exists, a South Korean newspaper said Wednesday.
George Jahn, Associated Press
Key member states plan in the coming weeks to elect a new leader of the U.N. agency charged with probing Iran's nuclear program, pressing Syria to reveal its atomic secrets and thwarting terrorists from getting the bomb.