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Carnegie Endowment for International Peace | Proliferation News
August 27, 2009
IN THIS ISSUE
  • Nuclear Zero: Key Issues to be Addressed
    Security Index Journal
  • The ElBaradei Legacy
    Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
  • IAEA to Report Iran Atom Slowdown Ahead of Talks
    Reuters
  • Barack Obama on Brink of Deal for Middle East Peace Talks
    The Guardian
  • Egypt Rejects U.S. Nuclear Umbrella
    Inter Press Service
  • No CTBT, India Needs More Nuclear Tests: Pokhran II Coordinator
    The Times of India
  • Russian Power Company to Mine Uranium in Mongolia
    The New York Times
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Nuclear Zero: Key Issues to be Addressed

George Perkovich, Security Index Journal
MissileIn the West today, and perhaps in Russia, leading circles believe that nuclear deterrence is what prevented the U.S. and the Soviet Union from fighting directly during the Cold War. Many assume that these weapons will continue to deter without fail. Both ideas deserve to be questioned.

Is it really true that Soviet leaders were determined to go to war with the United States but were deterred by the existence of nuclear weapons? At what time and place were Soviet leaders willing to go to war against NATO states but chose not to do so because of nuclear counter threats? What specific evidence shows this?
Full Article

The ElBaradei Legacy (PDF)

Mark Hibbs and Andreas Persbo, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
As the International Atomic Energy Agency's director-general, Mohamed ElBaradei stood up to the United States, prevented a widening Middle East conflict, and won the Nobel Peace Prize. Yet as he prepares to leave, the future of the agency is in doubt.
Full Article

IAEA to Report Iran Atom Slowdown Ahead of Talks

Mark Heinrich, Reuters
U.N. inspectors are set to report that Iran has slowed the expansion of its disputed nuclear program and is cooperating more with them just as major powers prepare to discuss harsh sanctions against Tehran.
Full Article

Barack Obama on Brink of Deal for Middle East Peace Talks

Ewen MacAskill and Julian Borger, The Guardian
Barack Obama is close to brokering an Israeli-Palestinian deal that will allow him to announce a resumption of the long-stalled Middle East peace talks before the end of next month, according to US, Israeli, Palestinian and European officials.
Full Article

Egypt Rejects U.S. Nuclear Umbrella

Fareed Mahdy, Inter Press Service
The spectre of a U.S. nuclear umbrella for the Middle East haunted the U.S.- Egyptian summit this week. In the run-up to President Hosni Mubarak's first Washington visit in five years, both the Egyptian leader and his senior aides categorically rejected an undeclared U.S. offer to guarantee defence of the region against atomic weapons as part of a comprehensive Middle East peace plan.
Full Article

No CTBT, India Needs More Nuclear Tests: Pokhran II Coordinator

The Times of India
Editor's Note: Senior scientist K Santhanam, who was director of test site preparations for the 1998 Pokhran II nuclear tests, conceded in this interview with The Times of India that India's 1998 test of a thermonuclear device was unsuccessful. This assertion has set off a controversial debate within India's defense and scientific communities. While the seismic data most likely agrees with Santhanam's conclusion, he is using the fact to argue that India needs to resume nuclear testing, rather than signing the CTBT.

A former top official who coordinated India's nuclear weapons programme has cautioned that India should not be "railroaded" into signing the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) as the 1998 Pokhran tests were not sufficient from the security point of view.
Full Article

Russian Power Company to Mine Uranium in Mongolia

Andrew E. Kramer, The New York Times
Russia's state-owned nuclear power company, whose expansion on the international market in recent years has outstripped the country's capacity to supply uranium fuel to the new power plants, won a large concession on Tuesday to mine uranium in Mongolia.
Full Article

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Produced twice-weekly, Proliferation News provides a free summary of news and analysis on efforts to prevent the spread and use of nuclear weapons. Visit Carnegie's Nonproliferation Program website for further information and resources. Please send your comments and suggestions to the Editor at proliferationnews@carnegieendowment.org.

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