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Carnegie Endowment for International Peace | Proliferation News
July 20, 2010

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IN THIS ISSUE
  • Saudi Arabia's Nuclear Ambitions
    Q&A
  • The China-Pakistan Nuclear "Deal": Separating Fact from Fiction
    Policy Outlook
  • Weapons Inspectors Can't Disarm Iran
    The Wall Street Journal
  • Iran's Parliament Adopts Bill against Inspections
    Associated Press
  • Fox in Treasury Wrangle over Trident
    Financial Times
  • In Russian Thaw, Opportunity
    The Wall Street Journal
  • Extending the Life of B-61 Nuclear Weapons Could Cost $4 Billion
    The Washington Post
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Saudi Arabia's Nuclear Ambitions

Mark Hibbs, Q&A
King AbdullahThere is a growing number of countries across the Middle East seeking to establish civilian nuclear energy programs. Last week, three leading nuclear industry-related firms—two from the United States and one from Japan—announced a joint initiative to build and operate nuclear power plants in Saudi Arabia.

In a Q&A, Mark Hibbs explains that Saudi Arabia believes its future economic security depends on diversifying its domestic energy system away from fossil fuels. Currently, the country consumes a quarter of the crude oil it produces. Riyadh’s commitment to nuclear energy could also affect regional dynamics. "Setting up a Saudi Arabian nuclear energy program with the cooperation of the United States and other advanced nuclear countries would directly challenge Iran’s aspirations for regional leadership in nuclear power," Hibbs says.
Full Article

The China-Pakistan Nuclear "Deal": Separating Fact from Fiction

Ashley J. Tellis, Policy Outlook
China's commitment to provide Pakistan with two additional civilian nuclear reactors has created great unease in the international nonproliferation community. While some compare this assurance to the U.S.-India nuclear cooperation agreement, the differences between the two are significant.
Full Article

Weapons Inspectors Can't Disarm Iran
(Subscription Required)

David Kay, The Wall Street Journal
Editor's Note: In this article David Kay, a former IAEA chief nuclear weapons inspector, highlights the difficulties confronted by the International Atomic Energy Agency in verifying that a state's nuclear activities are not diverted to military purposes. Carnegie's Pierre Goldschmidt has prescribed concrete steps for the IAEA and the UN Security Council to help address the problem of enforcement in the nonproliferation regime when a state is found in non-compliance with its safeguards obligations.
Full Article

Iran's Parliament Adopts Bill against Inspections

Associated Press
Iran's parliament authorized tit-for-tat retaliation Tuesday against countries that inspect cargo on Iranian ships and aircraft as part of new U.N. sanctions over Tehran's nuclear program.
Full Article

Fox in Treasury Wrangle over Trident

James Blitz and Alex Barker, Financial Times
Liam Fox, the defence secretary, is locked in high-stakes talks with the Treasury over the future funding for Britain’s nuclear deterrent, as he resists pressure on his department to absorb the £20bn cost of renewing the system into its core budget.
Full Article

In Russian Thaw, Opportunity

Gerald F. Seib, The Wall Street Journal
It's too early, and there have been too many disappointments in the past, to call it a Kumbaya moment. But American relations with Russia are in the midst of an interesting warming trend.
Full Article

Extending the Life of B-61 Nuclear Weapons Could Cost $4 Billion

Walter Pincus, The Washington Post
Any spy who listened to the directors of the three national nuclear laboratories testify before the Senate Armed Services and Foreign Relations committees could have gotten an advanced primer on the U.S. nuclear weapons complex and the stockpile of missile warheads and bombs.
Full Article

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Produced twice weekly, Proliferation News provides a free summary of news and analysis on efforts to prevent the spread and use of nuclear weapons. Visit Carnegie's Nuclear Policy Program website for further information and resources. Please send your comments and suggestions to the Editor at proliferationnews@carnegieendowment.org.

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