More than 30 countries are pursuing offensive cyber capabilities. These states rely on hackers that are not part of the intelligence community–cyber mercenaries or, more broadly, cyber proxies.
Hackers targeting financial institutions have exposed the vulnerability of the global financial system, highlighting the need for businesses and the government to better protect against these cyber threats.
With the election of a new prime minister and parliament in September, Sweden is working to make sure its polls are free from hacking and interference.
Russia’s election interference reflects a trend that blends premeditation with opportunism. To bolster resilience, countries must urgently share best practices and lessons learned.
A discussion on how different states use cyber proxies and the challenges they pose.
One genuine piece of news behind the U.S. sanctions against Russian individuals and organizations is the attribution to Russia of a hacking campaign that has targeted critical U.S. infrastructure.
Three potential paths have emerged for future efforts to develop norms for state behavior in cyberspace.
As cyberspace has emerged as a new frontier for geopolitics, states have become entrepreneurial in their sponsorship, deployment, and exploitation of hackers as proxies to project power.
Cyber, like the nuclear field, is now a leading means through which international relations play out today.
The story of Karim Baratov and Alexsey Belan provides insight into proxy relationships between the Russian state and hackers.
The Carnegie Cyber Policy Initiative focuses on addressing international cyber policy challenges, as cyberspace is increasingly central to international security and diplomacy. The Initiative develops and promotes norms and policy recommendations for enhancing international stability and security in cyberspace.