Government corruption is an important factor in the rise of violent extremism. Syria, Ukraine, and Nigeria are important contemporary examples.
Acute, structured government corruption impacts many of the West’s security priorities. But the role it plays in exacerbating international insecurity is often overlooked.
The next government must acknowledge India’s weak performance in enforcing the rule of law and take immediate action to close the widening gulf between principle and practice.
Ukraine is a case study in one of the ways corruption threatens international security: it guts armies. It makes them useless for defending their borders and as allies.
Acute and systemic corruption has taken hold in a number of countries and it is driving indignant populations, who are networked and communicating as never before, to extremes.
Nearly every country facing an extremist insurgency is run by a kleptocratic clique. Corruption, in other words, has security implications.
Democracy can be difficult, especially in developing countries. But dictatorship is no answer: it’s playing roulette where almost every spot on the wheel leads to a Yanukovych or worse.
Over the past decade, corruption in Afghanistan has crystallized into a business of structured networks, with subordinates paying up the line for protection from repercussions.
In India, politicians with criminal records are supplying what voters and parties demand: candidates who are effective and well-funded.
Measures designed to dissuade politicians in India from criminal behavior must be accompanied by measures designed to reduce demand for such representatives by parties and voters.