Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe has become everything he once crusaded against — racist, despotic, unjust and incompetent. South Africa, the only African nation with significant leverage over Zimbabwe, must pressure Mugabe to reverse the spiral of cronyism and corruption.
The adoption of the Broader Middle East and North Africa Initiative by the Group of Eight Industrialized Nations (G-8) at their June 8-10 summit in Sea Island, Georgia represents a diplomatic victory for the United States. The initiative, however, is extremely unlikely to have a noticeable impact on political reform in the Middle East.
While enjoying both quantitative and qualitative advantages relative to U.S. efforts, European democracy policies in the Middle East require significant revision if they are to attain the sophisticated holistic gradualism to which they aspire.