Although Western donors’ local political assistance in opposition Syria has differed starkly from prior interventions in two crucial domains, the tensions of previous reconstruction and state-building efforts are being replicated almost wholesale.
The United States can still salvage a marginally but meaningfully better outcome for its own interests and the Syrian people by pushing for greater formal decentralization in eastern Syria.
Many states beset with endemic violence are not institutionally weak, but rather suffer from complicit economic and political elites that use violence in order to preserve their status, a phenomenon that should be called privilege violence.
The Trump administration appears committed to working "by-with-through" local partners in the Middle East. Doing so effectively requires a clear political strategy and continued diplomatic engagement in the region.
European donors should persist with a localist approach in Syria, but efforts should generate an inclusive notion of democratic citizenship rather than just support the liberal-moderate opposition.
Africa’s regional institutions must be founded on shared values and identities, but this requires that member states leave their historical notions of sovereignty behind.
Based on the data, policymakers and practitioners need to ask hard questions about whether the terrorist threat justifies a continuing U.S. military buildup in Africa.
The Trump administration’s counterterrorism strategy risks forgetting key lessons from the Obama years.
The United States is contributing to the global refugee crisis through its military actions, choice of partners, and defiance of international norms.
Given the serious problems of measurement, any statistic on violent deaths should be treated with caution.