Data from a World Bank report on water in the Middle East and North Africa, published on 11 March, shows that all countries in the region are facing a water crisis. This crisis requires more than technical solutions; such a key problem should be considered within the context of the political economy of reform in the Arab world, as well as regional and bilateral cooperation.
On March 29, 2007, Rachid Tlemcani, visiting scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center, argued that since the civil war of the 1990s, violence in Algeria has decreased and the economic and political situations are stabilizing. Daniel Brumberg, professor of government at Georgetown, served as discussant and Marina Ottaway, Carnegie Endowment, moderated.
Facing an urgent need to defuse crises in Iraq, Lebanon, and Palestine, the United States is now focusing primarily on Arab states' foreign policy behavior and relegating democracy promotion to the background. But despite the risks of encouraging political change in an already chaotic region, abandoning Middle East democracy as a strategic goal would be a tragic and unnecessary mistake.
The unemployment problem is considered one of the most important challenges facing the Middle East and North Africa, where the rate of unemployment is the highest in the world. The time has come for the unemployment problem in the Arab World to become the focus of attention, both on the national and official levels.
As the U.S.-led occupation of Iraq enters its fifth year, conflicts and political rivalries in the region appear to be assuming a sectarian edge unseen since the Iraq-Iran war. This time round, though, a new element is in play. It has to do with what is perceived as the growing role being played by Arab Shia who many see is making a radical break with a long tradition of political inactivity.
On February 28, 2007, Carnegie hosted Ahmed Hashim and Judth Yaphe for a discussion on the nature of the insurgency in Iraq.
The Carnegie Middle East Program combines in-depth local knowledge with incisive comparative analysis to examine economic, sociopolitical, and strategic interests in the Arab world. Through detailed country studies and the exploration of key crosscutting themes, the Carnegie Middle East Program, in coordination with the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, provides analysis and recommendations in both English and Arabic that are deeply informed by knowledge and views from the region. The program has special expertise in political reform and Islamist participation in pluralistic politics.