• Policy Outlook

    The Continued Costs of Political Stagnation in Egypt

    Recent events in Egypt are again proving that far from championing democratic reforms, the Egyptian government continues to consolidate its own power. The January 29, 2005, arrest of Ayman Nour, a member of the Egyptian People’s Assembly and leader of the newly legalized liberal political party, Al Ghad (Tomorrow), serves as yet another example of Egypt’s persistent semiauthoritarianism.

    • Event

    Political and Religious Authority in the Middle East

    Bassma Kodmani analyzed the relationship between political and religious authority in the Arab world.

    • Op-Ed

    The Broader Middle East and North Africa Initiative: A Hollow Victory for the United States

    The adoption of the Broader Middle East and North Africa Initiative by the Group of Eight Industrialized Nations (G-8) at their June 8-10 summit in Sea Island, Georgia represents a diplomatic victory for the United States. The initiative, however, is extremely unlikely to have a noticeable impact on political reform in the Middle East.

    • Event

    Political Reform in the Arab World: Whose Views?

    Professor Mustapha Kamel al Sayyid analyzed various political reform movements in the Arab world.

    • Paper

    Liberalization Versus Democracy: Understanding Arab Political Reform

    Before the United States can determine whether its gradualist approach to democratic reform in the Middle East is the best remedy, we must first understand how Arab autocracies actually work. In particular, we must understand how the "liberalized autocracies" of the region endure despite frequent prediction of their imminent death.

    • Proliferation Analysis

    Ballistic Missile Capabilities in the Middle East

    • April 26, 2002

    Israeli-Palestinian tensions and continued talk of military action against Iraq has raised fears of a wider war in the region. For background on the possible use of weapons of mass destruction in future conflicts, we provide summaries on the missile capabilities of countries in the Middle East adapted from a forthcoming Carnegie study.

    • Proliferation Analysis

    Chemical and Biological Weapons in the Middle East

    • April 16, 2002

    Raging violence between Israelis and Palestinians has raised fears of a wider war in the region. For background on the possible use of weapons of mass destruction in future conflicts, this analysis summarizes on the chemical and biological weapon capabilities of countries in the Middle East.

    • Event

    Perpetrators and Victims: The Middle East and the Challenges of Terrorism

    Marina Ottaway was joined by Shibley Telhami, Nawaf Obaid, and Mamoun Fandy to discuss challenges in the aftermath of the September 11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon. Terrorism's deep roots in the Middle East, and the nationalities of those involved in the recent attacks, have drawn even greater attention to the region.

    • Op-Ed

    Coalition of the Unwilling

    It is important to have partners in the war on terrorism, Carnegie's Robert Kagan writes, but a unilateral determination to act invariably precedes a policy of effective multilateralism.

    • Op-Ed

    Price of a Cold Peace

    Mending the sad state of relations between Israel, Palestinians, and Arab countries is not merely an issue of peace-making, but rather of reconciliation. And this simply cannot be achieved without addressing the deep-rooted feelings of hatred which have become socially ingrained over the years.

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