On Wednesday, October 18, Russia reiterated its call to press forward with START III (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty), and limit American and Russian deployed strategic warheads to 1,500 each. Moscow also reaffirmed its position that any nuclear cuts would depend on the "preservation and strengthening of the immutability" of the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty. Russia said that U.S. deployment of a national missile defense would lead to the "destruction" of the ABM Treaty, adding that Moscow "has not held and will not hold negotiations on the 'adaptation' of the ABM Treaty."
Remarks made by Joseph Cirincione at an Arms Control Association Press Briefing
Presentation at the National Press Club by Carnegie Senior Associate Joseph Cirincione
The drive to deploy a National Missile Defense System in the United States is not driven primarily by threats or technology, but by politics. It is motivated primarily by deeply-held conservative political and strategic views on the nature of international conflict.
In the wake of President Clinton's decision to delay deployment of a national missile defense (NMD) system, missile defense advocates are crying foul. They insist that the technology is here today. They claim a Clinton conspiracy is depriving the nation of effective defense.
Russia is the one exception to U.S. success in dissuading nuclear cooperation with Iran - success, which includes China and Ukraine, according to Assistant Secretary of State for Non-proliferation, Robert Einhorn. In testimony before a U.S Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee on October 5, he blamed Moscow's "lack of determination" in failing to stop Iran's procurement of nuclear materials in Russia.
As a result of budget constraints, Russia's Strategic Missile Forces are having problems procuring new missiles, Defense News reports.
Carnegie Non-Proliferation Conference
Russian President Vladimir Putin's visit to India has underscored Moscow's willingness to continue its nuclear cooperation with New Delhi, while strengthening Indo-Russian defense ties. Mr Putin's unprecedented visit to the center of India's nuclear weaponization program -- Bhabha Atomic Research Center - was perceived "like a blessing from the top for Indo-Russian nuclear ties." The two countries also signed a memorandum of understanding expanding cooperation in peaceful nuclear energy. Details were not forthcoming, but The Hindu quoted sources saying the memorandum "is a Russian commitment to contribute to India's growing nuclear energy requirements."