When George Bush and Boris Yeltsin signed START II in the snows of Moscow in January 1993, Yeltsin called it "the treaty of hope." It was the most sweeping arms reduction pact in history, slashing in half the number of deployed nuclear missiles and bombers and eliminating the most dangerous and destabilizing weapons of the Cold War, the multiple-warhead land-based missiles.
For some two years there have been public concerns about Russian firms – and perhaps elements of the Russian government – assisting Iran to develop ballistic missiles. Last month Iran conducted the first flight-test of its Shahab-3 missile. Some analysts suspect that Iran is a few years away from fielding the Shahab-4 missile, which could reach most of Egypt and some of Central Europe.
In July 1998, The Carnegie Endowment hosted a Proliferation Roundtable with Joseph Cirincione, Frank Record, Vann Van Diepen, and Richard Speier. The conversation was off the record.
On Thursday, June 4, the foreign ministers of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council will meet in Geneva to forge a common strategy in response to the South Asia nuclear crisis.