The nuclear order is under pressure as the distance between nonaligned states and nuclear weapon states grows.
No issue in the area of European military security is more important or more vexed than that of nonstrategic nuclear weapons.
In 2011, a number of conceptions about the way the world is run took a serious hit, including the idea that inequality must be accepted and that national interests should be above electoral ambition.
While new allegations call the peaceful intentions of Iran’s nuclear program into greater question, China and Russia are unlikely to agree to sanctions they view as crippling.
A regime to verify the abolition of nuclear weapons requires three distinct components: the verification that declared civilian nuclear materials are not weaponized, the dismantlement of declared warheads, and the absence of undeclared nuclear warheads.
After two decades of stagnation, Russia and the United States have pledged their support for reductions in nuclear warheads. But the vision of mutual disarmament remains plagued by doubts on all sides.
Success at the 2015 Non-proliferation Treaty Review Conference depends on genuine progress toward disarmament by nuclear weapon states and global and regional commitment to the creation of a nuclear weapons free zone in the Middle East.
The 2011 conference focused on new actors and new agendas, reflecting the need to develop cooperative responses to challenges being posed by changing technology, distributions of political power, interest in nuclear energy, and security conditions in key regions.
As U.S. policy seeks to create the conditions that would allow for deep reductions in nuclear arsenals, the United States and Russia can undertake a practical approach to their stockpiles to 500 nuclear warheads each and those of other nuclear-armed states to no more than about half that number.
Verifying nuclear disarmament poses an unprecedented technical challenge, given the lingering uncertainty over whether states have retained militarily significant stockpiles of fissile material.