The Iran nuclear crisis challenged the IAEA at a critical time in the evolution of its safeguards system.
Although the governments of the United States and Pakistan are unlikely to agree on conditions to complete a nuclear cooperation agreement, the national, regional, and global interests that would be involved in pursuing such a deal are important enough to make even a hypothetical discussion worthwhile.
The IAEA will meet on whether Iran has come clean about trying to build nuclear weapons—and whether the nuclear deal will move forward.
3-D printing may enable the most sensitive pieces of a nuclear weapons program to be more easily produced and transferred undetected around the globe.
There is a serious risk that, within the next few years, Japan will produce more plutonium than it can use. The resulting buildup would set a damaging precedent, exacerbate regional tensions, and increase the likelihood of nuclear terrorism.
If Congress prevents the United States from implementing its part of the deal, it would undercut not only Obama in attempting to a secure a better deal with Iran, but also any future president seeking to prevent proliferation through diplomacy.
Pakistan’s path to join the mainstream of the international nuclear order faces many obstacles.
The 2015 Carnegie International Nuclear Policy Conference brought together over 800 experts and officials from more than 45 countries and international organizations to discuss emerging trends in nuclear nonproliferation, disarmament, deterrence, and nuclear energy.
One of the main outstanding loopholes of the international nonproliferation regime that deserves prompt attention is the absence of a requirement for irreversible IAEA safeguards to remain in force should a state leave the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.
The realization that nuclear technology is, at its core, dual-use in nature occurred early on in the nuclear age, and it has been fundamental to every effort to harness the positive potential widely believed to be inherent in nuclear technology, while minimizing its risks.