The 2012 Non-Proliferation Treaty Preparatory Committee in Vienna will be the first meeting of States Parties to assess global progress and build on the success of 2010.
One topic of discussion at the upcoming five-year treaty Review Conference meeting in Vienna will be how best to universalize the Additional Protocol for safeguards among the 185 non-nuclear-weapon states Party to the Treaty.
Ambassador Susan Burk, special representative of the president for nuclear nonproliferation, discussed progress on implementing the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Action Plan, adopted at the 2010 Review Conference to strengthen the Treaty’s three pillars.
The nuclear order is under pressure as the distance between nonaligned states and nuclear weapon states grows.
Given that products that rely on the same technologies and materials as weapons of mass destruction are everywhere, the challenge for states is to ensure that trade in dual-use goods and technologies does not contribute to WMD proliferation.
While it has been known since early 2004 that the illicit proliferation network headed by A.Q. Khan of Pakistan supplied the nuclear programs of Iran, North Korea, and Libya, certain questions have not yet been resolved.
Differing views between Russia and NATO on issues such as missile defense and Georgian membership in NATO should not inhibit cooperation on steps toward further nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation.
The Nuclear Suppliers Group faces a host of challenges ranging from questions about its credibility and future membership to its relationship to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and other multilateral arrangements.
The Nuclear Suppliers Group, which is responsible for establishing guidelines that govern the transfer of nuclear-related materials, equipment, and technology, faces a number of serious challenges.
The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty may be the cornerstone of international law relating to nuclear weapons, but disagreements over its meaning abound.