Brazil has one of the most advanced nuclear programs in Latin America, but presidential hopeful Marina Silva’s stance on nuclear energy and diplomacy is far from clear.
Many people living in the northern hemisphere might be surprised to learn that Brazilians don’t agree about what the world had been told decades ago was an open and shut case: that Brazil had a secret nuclear weapons program.
Brazil currently has two nuclear reactors and a third is under construction. Four more power plants are being proposed for construction in the 2020s.
Russia and Iran are conferring about the supply of new nuclear power plants at the Bushehr site on the Persian Gulf. Iran operates one Russian reactor there and building more could contribute to a comprehensive agreement between the six powers and Iran.
In the near future—possibly within the next twelve months—Japan will face two genuinely tough choices: whether to commission the Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant and whether to sell nuclear reactor components to India.
As part of a negotiated comprehensive settlement with the P5+1, Iran could get access to foreign expertise, which could help Tehran realize its ambition to have a versatile research reactor.
Pakistani luminaries met with Chinese luminaries a few months ago, and their handshake will translate into a brand new 1,000-MW power reactor–Kanupp-2–being plunked down into the middle of Pakistan’s mega-metropolis Karachi.
The single most costly U.S. nonproliferation program currently underway faces a cloudy future in Washington.
Nuclear power should not go forward in newcomer countries until they are prepared to master a number of technological, political, economic, and logistical challenges.
The latter half of 2013 will be critical for Japan’s nuclear future.