As Japan struggles to find ways to cool its damaged nuclear reactors, it is increasingly clear that it is in the world’s best interest to ensure that nuclear operators can effectively handle unpredictable and even extreme external events that might impact their installations.
Amidst the drama of the worst seismic catastrophe in Japan’s recorded history, the Japanese government and its nuclear industry have been struggling to prevent a power reactor core melt accident similar to that which occurred at Three Mile Island in the United States three decades ago.
While public concerns about the safety of nuclear energy have resurfaced in the wake of the crisis at Japan’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, the case for nuclear power remains strong.
Over the past 40 years, India’s foremost defense strategist K. Subrahmanyam or “Subbu,” as he was fondly known to his friends, profoundly shaped India’s foreign and defense policy through his work and writings.
The transnational network of criminal activity and illicit trade is not only growing, but it is also becoming an even larger threat than it has been in the past.
As Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt embark on optimistic nuclear energy programs, these nations must also take into consideration the shortage of nuclear industry scientists and personnel as well as the necessity of solutions for the resulting waste.
With the U.S.-South Korea bilateral nuclear cooperation agreement set to expire in 2014, it will be difficult for the United States to refuse Seoul's push to renegotiate without damaging the broader U.S.-South Korean relationship.
If China prematurely commits itself to a commercial plutonium fuel cycle the costs and challenges for China could be considerable.
Given the current status of nuclear security and nonproliferation in South Asia, nuclear powers like China, Russia, and the United States should look for a path of engagement for India and Pakistan to be brought into the global nonproliferation regime.
Obama’s trip to India provides an opportunity for both sides to reaffirm the importance of their partnership and for the United States to demonstrate that it sees India as a critical component in maintaining a favorable balance of power in Asia.