India's new civil nuclear liability law, criticized by some as inconsistent with international conventions, has caused tension between New Delhi and Washington.
While the U.S.-India bilateral relationship is important, it suffers from unrealistic expectations and is affected by the largely unavoidable differences in the two countries’ short-term interests.
In spite of the fact that nuclear reprocessing continues to pose a number of economic and nonproliferation challenges, this process remains a significant factor in the current and future nuclear power plans of a number of nations
Near-term expectations for a partnership between the United States and India too often overlook how the interests, policies, and diplomatic style of the two countries sometimes diverge.
Japan is a key node in the global supply chain for nuclear reactor components. Before Japan can export any such components to India, the two states must reach a bilateral agreement specifying the rules of the road.
While international diffusion of nuclear materials and technology is an important cause of nuclear weapons proliferation, experts disagree on how best to address the problem and prevent countries from acquiring nuclear weapons.
Chinese plans to flout global rules on nuclear trade by building two reactors in Pakistan are emblematic of Beijing's growing nuclear assertiveness and threatens to undermine the nonproliferation regime.
Exempting Argentina and Brazil on new enrichment and reprocessing guidelines in the 46-member Nuclear Suppliers Group undermines the separate but important goal of establishing the IAEA Additional Protocol as the global standard on nonproliferation verification.
China’s plans to sell new nuclear reactors to Pakistan are fundamentally different from the U.S.-India nuclear deal. Determined opposition from the United States can convince Beijing to reconsider.
With the cooperation of the United States and other advanced nuclear countries, Saudi Arabia's budding nuclear energy program would directly challenge Iran's aspirations for regional leadership in nuclear power.