The growing prominence of nuclear weapons in Pakistan’s national security strategy casts a shadow of nuclear use over any potential military strategy India might consider to strike this balance. However, augmenting its nuclear options with tactical nuclear weapons is unlikely to bolster Indian deterrence in convincing ways.
Chinese nuclear experts think about nuclear weapons very differently from their U.S. counterparts. How can Washington and Beijing promote an effective dialogue despite their disparate approaches?
North Korea’s nuclear test led some South Koreans to renew calls for a nuclear option. Interpreting Seoul’s signals will be challenging for U.S. policymakers.
President Obama framed a very ambitious nuclear agenda at the outset of his administration that, in retrospect, was vulnerable to foreign and domestic forces that rendered progress on parts of the agenda simply unachievable.
Creating a separate fund to protect service budgets from the costs of modernizing strategic nuclear weapons not only cheats the American taxpayer but also fuels an unnecessarily large arsenal stuffed with weapons the United States does not need to remain safe.
South Korea and the United States have become essential partners on nuclear matters over the last forty years. However, as with all maturing relationships, there remain differences of view and priority that must be managed.
Pakistan’s military leadership can choose to accept success in achieving a “strategic” deterrent against India, or it can choose to continue to compete with India in the pursuit of “full spectrum” deterrence.
The 2015 Carnegie International Nuclear Policy Conference brought together over 800 experts and officials from more than 45 countries and international organizations to discuss emerging trends in nuclear nonproliferation, disarmament, deterrence, and nuclear energy.
Is the salience of nuclear topics viewed differently by subject-matter experts than it is by elite opinion shapers? A survey of nuclear-themed editorials and policy articles published between 2001 and 2013.
As India and Pakistan develop their naval nuclear forces, they will enter increasingly murky waters. By further institutionalizing relations between their navies, both countries may succeed in adding a greater degree of stability to a dangerously volatile maritime environment.