The Obama administration's Nuclear Posture Review gives much-needed momentum to the nuclear agenda President Obama set out in Prague last year.
The goal of nuclear superiority is unattainable. Instead, the United States can enhance its security by giving nuclear-armed adversaries strong incentives for restraint in a crisis.
Although the atomic bomb poses profound challenges to American constitutional governance, the post-Cold War environment should allow alternative ways to balance nuclear deterrence with a deliberative decision-making process that does not put nuclear weapons solely in the hands of the executive branch.
The United States has not convinced allies of its resolve to make extended deterrence credible. A new, effective strategy of communicating U.S. resolve must disentangle the concepts of capabilities and resolve while engaging more closely with allies.
The Nuclear Posture Review will establish U.S. nuclear deterrence policy, strategy, and force posture for the next five to ten years and will provide a basis for the negotiation of a Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty follow-on agreement.
Deterrence challenges in the Middle East may open the door for NATO to play a constructive role in enhancing security and stability in the region.
When Anders Fogh Rasmussen, NATO's secretary-general, addresses an audience at Carnegie Europe on Friday, 18th September, he will speak about the possibility of a new dialogue between two former foes – NATO and Russia. Dmitri Trenin suggests that these discussions could initially take place through the NATO-Russia Council of 2002, but in time, that they might spawn a new framework altogether.
North Korea’s nuclear test, China’s rising power, Russia’s assertiveness, Iran’s unceasing uranium enrichment, and American interest in nuclear disarmament have renewed U.S. allies’ attachments to extended deterrence.
Carnegie Endowment President Dr. Jessica T. Mathews welcomes over 800 conference participants from 46 countries. She reflects on the theme of the conference and the challenges ahead.
Since acquiring atomic weapons, India, Pakistan and North Korea have not engaged in major warfare. But nuclear deterrence alone does not buy peace — diplomacy must keep the balance.