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    • Op-Ed

    Reflections on Requirements and Contingencies for a NATO Deterrence or Reassurance Role in the Middle East

    Deterrence challenges in the Middle East may open the door for NATO to play a constructive role in enhancing security and stability in the region.

    • Op-Ed

    Moving Beyond Strained Relations

    When Anders Fogh Rasmussen, NATO's secretary-general, addresses an audience at Carnegie Europe on Friday, 18th September, he will speak about the possibility of a new dialogue between two former foes – NATO and Russia. Dmitri Trenin suggests that these discussions could initially take place through the NATO-Russia Council of 2002, but in time, that they might spawn a new framework altogether.

    • Event

    Are the Requirements for Extended Deterrence Changing?

    • Scott Sagan, Lukasz Kulesa, Amb. Yukio Satoh, George Perkovich
    • April 06, 2009
    • Washington, D.C.

    North Korea’s nuclear test, China’s rising power, Russia’s assertiveness, Iran’s unceasing uranium enrichment, and American interest in nuclear disarmament have renewed U.S. allies’ attachments to extended deterrence.

    • Event

    Nonproliferation Conference Welcome and Opening Remarks

    Carnegie Endowment President Dr. Jessica T. Mathews welcomes over 800 conference participants from 46 countries. She reflects on the theme of the conference and the challenges ahead.

    • Op-Ed

    Book Review: The Long Shadow: Nuclear Weapons and Security in 21st Century Asia

    Since acquiring atomic weapons, India, Pakistan and North Korea have not engaged in major warfare. But nuclear deterrence alone does not buy peace — diplomacy must keep the balance.

    • TV/Radio Broadcast

    British and French Nuclear Submarine Collision and Nonproliferation

    The collision of British and French nuclear-armed submarines in early February underscored the need to engage other countries in strategic arms limitation talks.

    • Book

    Abolishing Nuclear Weapons: A Debate

    • George PerkovichJames M. Acton, Lawrence Freedman, Frank Miller, Jonathan Schell, Brad Roberts, Harald Müller, Bruno Tertrais, Achilles Zaluar, Scott Sagan, Takaya Suto, Hirofumi Tosaki, James Doyle, Patricia Lewis, Ian Hore-Lacy, Pan Zhenqiang, V.R. Raghavan, Sameh Aboul-Enein, Ernesto Zedillo, Zia Mian
    • February 13, 2009
    • Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

    A distinguished group of experts from thirteen countries explore how to overcome obstacles to nuclear disarmament and pose questions that require further official and nongovernmental deliberation.

    • Op-Ed

    The Cost of Nuclear Security

    The first public examination of open-source data shows that the U.S. spent at least $52.4 billion on nuclear weapons and programs in 2008; yet despite growing concern about the prospect of a nuclear 9/11 only 10 percent of that went toward proliferation prevention. The U.S. must devote less funding to upgrading its arsenal and more to securing and preventing the spread of nuclear weapons.

    • Report

    Nuclear Security Spending: Assessing Costs, Examining Priorities

    The United States spent over $52 billion on nuclear weapons and related programs in fiscal year 2008, but only 10 percent of that went toward preventing a nuclear attack through slowing and reversing the proliferation of nuclear weapons and technology.

    • Event

    Nuclear Security Spending: Assessing Costs, Examining Priorities

    Stephen I. Schwartz and Deepti Choubey have determined for the first time that the United States spent over $52 billion on nuclear weapons and related programs in fiscal year 2008, figures that even the government does not compile because there is no official nuclear security budget.

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Personal Information

Carnegie Experts on
Nuclear Policy

  • expert thumbnail - Acton
    James M. Acton
    Co-director
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Acton is co-director of the Nuclear Policy Program and a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Chubin
    Shahram Chubin
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Chubin, who is based in Geneva, focuses his research on nonproliferation, terrorism, and Middle East security issues. He was director of studies at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Switzerland, from 1996 to 2009.
  • expert thumbnail - Dalton
    Toby Dalton
    Co-director
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Dalton is the co-director of the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment. An expert on nonproliferation and nuclear energy, his work addresses regional security challenges and the evolution of the global nuclear order.
  • expert thumbnail - Goldschmidt
    Pierre Goldschmidt
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Goldschmidt is a nonresident senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment.
  • expert thumbnail - Hibbs
    Mark Hibbs
    Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Hibbs is a Germany-based senior fellow in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program. His areas of expertise are nuclear verification and safeguards, multilateral nuclear trade policy, international nuclear cooperation, and nonproliferation arrangements.
  • expert thumbnail - Jang
    Se Young Jang
    Nonresident Scholar
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Se Young Jang is a nonresident scholar in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Kassenova
    Togzhan Kassenova
    Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Kassenova is a fellow in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment.
  • expert thumbnail - Kühn
    Ulrich Kühn
    Nonresident Scholar
    Ulrich Kühn is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and a senior research associate at the Vienna Center for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation (VCDNP).
  • expert thumbnail - Kurokawa
    Tomoko Kurokawa
    Nonresident Scholar
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Kurokawa is a nonresident scholar in the Carnegie Nuclear Policy Program.
  • expert thumbnail - Levite
    Ariel (Eli) Levite
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Levite was the principal deputy director general for policy at the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission from 2002 to 2007.
  • expert thumbnail - Bin
    Li Bin
    Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program and Asia Program
    Li is a senior fellow working jointly in the Nuclear Policy Program and Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Narang
    Vipin Narang
    Nonresident Scholar
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Vipin Narang is a nonresident scholar in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Perkovich
    George Perkovich
    Ken Olivier and Angela Nomellini Chair
    Vice President for Studies
    Perkovich works primarily on nuclear strategy and nonproliferation issues; cyberconflict; and new approaches to international public-private management of strategic technologies.
  • expert thumbnail - Topychkanov
    Petr Topychkanov
    Fellow
    Nonproliferation Program
    Moscow Center
    Topychkanov is a fellow in the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Nonproliferation Program.
  • expert thumbnail - Ülgen
    Sinan Ülgen
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe
    Ülgen is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on Turkish foreign policy, nuclear policy, cyberpolicy, and transatlantic relations.
  • expert thumbnail - Volpe
    Tristan Volpe
    Nonresident Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Tristan Volpe is a nonresident fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and assistant professor of defense analysis at the Naval Postgraduate School.
  • expert thumbnail - Wolfsthal
    Jon Wolfsthal
    Nonresident Scholar
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Jon Wolfsthal is a nonresident scholar with the Nuclear Policy Program.
  • expert thumbnail - Yoshida
    Fumihiko Yoshida
    Nonresident Scholar
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Fumihiko Yoshida is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Zhao
    Tong Zhao
    Fellow
    Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
    Tong Zhao is a fellow in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program based at the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy.
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