North Korea’s nuclear test, China’s rising power, Russia’s assertiveness, Iran’s unceasing uranium enrichment, and American interest in nuclear disarmament have renewed U.S. allies’ attachments to extended deterrence.
Carnegie Endowment President Dr. Jessica T. Mathews welcomes over 800 conference participants from 46 countries. She reflects on the theme of the conference and the challenges ahead.
Since acquiring atomic weapons, India, Pakistan and North Korea have not engaged in major warfare. But nuclear deterrence alone does not buy peace — diplomacy must keep the balance.
The collision of British and French nuclear-armed submarines in early February underscored the need to engage other countries in strategic arms limitation talks.
A distinguished group of experts from thirteen countries explore how to overcome obstacles to nuclear disarmament and pose questions that require further official and nongovernmental deliberation.
The first public examination of open-source data shows that the U.S. spent at least $52.4 billion on nuclear weapons and programs in 2008; yet despite growing concern about the prospect of a nuclear 9/11 only 10 percent of that went toward proliferation prevention. The U.S. must devote less funding to upgrading its arsenal and more to securing and preventing the spread of nuclear weapons.
The United States spent over $52 billion on nuclear weapons and related programs in fiscal year 2008, but only 10 percent of that went toward preventing a nuclear attack through slowing and reversing the proliferation of nuclear weapons and technology.
Stephen I. Schwartz and Deepti Choubey have determined for the first time that the United States spent over $52 billion on nuclear weapons and related programs in fiscal year 2008, figures that even the government does not compile because there is no official nuclear security budget.
"Global Zero" has become a well-known slogan to revive the decades-old idea of eliminating all nuclear weapons. Interest in abolition has been renewed by the concern that the use of nuclear weapons could become ever more likely. With nuclear deterrence we bought time, but it would be a tremendous mistake to believe that deterrence will always work.
In the wake of the Russia-Georgia conflict commentators often ask whether the U.S. and Russia can cooperate. The urgency of nuclear threats around the world, including Iran's ambitions, requires both countries to “wall off” their nuclear discussion from other issues that might hinder progress on finding solutions to common security challenges.