One of the main criticisms of the proposed U.S.-India nuclear deal is that it would allow India to rapidly expand its nuclear arsenal. India, however, is not interested in building the largest nuclear arsenal possible, and its capacity to produce weapons-grade plutonium is not affected by prospective U.S.-Indian civilian nuclear cooperation.
Although important steps have been made since the November 2004 cease fire in Kashmir, a long term solution to the crisis is not likely to come quickly. Recent efforts at reconciliation like re-establishing communication and shipping routes have been symbolic than substantive.
The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace held a joint conference with the China Reform Forum in Beijing on China-U.S.-India relations.
Burns, Thibault, Markey, Tellis, & Perkovich discussed 'U.S.-India Relations: The Global Partnership'
Features event audio and video
The agreement on civil nuclear cooperation that presently exists between the United States and India was the only accord possible because it remains the only framework that protects the core national security interests of both sides.
Missile defenses have come to reflect both an example of, and a means toward, the steady improvement in U.S.-Indian ties occurring in recent years. A deepening bilateral relationship has become part of New Delhi's larger solution to increasing India's capacity to defeat those threats requiring active defenses in the future.
Haqqani argues that it is clearly in India’s interest to help Pakistan gain sufficient confidence as a nation to overcome the need for conflict or regional rivalry for nation building. Simultaneously, it is important for Pakistani civil society to acknowledge that normal relations with India are the key to normalization of politics and policy in Pakistan as well.