Everyone who worries about cyber threats—including governments, pundits, scholars, business leaders—longs for a “strategy” that will deter or defeat the bad guys. Some seek analogues to the cohering strategies that enabled the West to win the Cold War at tolerable costs. Yet, cyberspace—and the nature, ownership, and effects of cyber tools—may not lend themselves to the strategies that managed military and geopolitical competition in the Cold War. We are working with senior current and former officials, and other experts, from Europe, Israel, India, China and Russia to analyze whether and how various cyber strategies could improve or undermine international security. Much of this work to date has been private; we expect in the coming year to publicize our findings.
This month, the Carnegie Endowment, in collaboration with the World Economic Forum, released a first-of-its-kind blueprint to better protect the global financial system against cyber threats. Join us for a discussion with leading voices in the Asia-Pacific on this report's crucial recommendations.
Join Carnegie's Cyber Policy Initiative for a discussion of the Cyberspace Solarium Commission’s forthcoming report, focusing on the international dimensions of its recommendations for a comprehensive national strategy for defending American interests and values in cyberspace.
A look at the emerging and expanding gaps in the governance of private cybersecurity companies and activities and the ways forward and policy options for governments.
Real progress has been made in developing an understanding of how to more effectively employ cyber capabilities to achieve specific strategic objectives
In 2018, the United States took many important steps to advance its approach to cyber conflict. A review of these developments suggests signs of progress but also significant challenges ahead.
Two new U.S. cyber strategies—a holistic national strategy for cyberspace and another guiding the efforts of U.S. military—have reinforced a critical need for the U.S. Departments of Defense and Homeland Security to work together in cyberspace.
Cyberspace has become center stage for international competition and confrontation.
As cyberspace has emerged as the new frontier for geopolitics, states have become entrepreneurial in their sponsorship, deployment, and exploitation of hackers as proxies to project power.
Confrontation in cyber space is increasingly alarming. To come to grips with cyber power and its implications, people naturally turn to historical analogies.
Understanding Cyber Conflict draws lessons from past technological disruptions to inform and shape responses to today’s cyber challenges.