While the allegations of Russia’s 2016 election meddling have dominated US headlines, Vladimir Putin’s government is increasingly acting as an outlaw state across the international stage — undermining European democracies, launching devastating ransomware cyberattacks, harassing US diplomats, executing journalists and dissidents, harboring sophisticated cybercriminals, and testing Western alliances. How should the United States, Europe, and the West as a whole respond to the rising belligerence of Putin’s Russia?

This video was originally published by the Aspen Institute.