3GPP: 3rd Generation Partnership Project, an organization that develops standards for mobile telephony.

5G spectrum: A specific set of broadband frequencies that transmit data only via fiber-based cables (as opposed to older frequencies that use copper cabling).

Cloud and cloudification: The practice of employing a network of remote servers hosted on the internet, allowing a user to store, manage, and process data, as opposed to using a computer or local server.

E2E: End-to-end, which in this context refers to end-to-end network slicing that enables operators to segment a single, physical network into various virtual networks where each segment (or slice) represents an independent, virtualized, end-to-end network to provide virtual services.

Latency: The time, usually measured in milliseconds, in which it takes for a signal to reach a destination and return to the user.

Machine-to-machine: The direct communication between electronic devices using wired or wireless communications channels.

MIMO: Multiple-input and multiple-output. Antenna and MIMO are methods to send and receive data signals simultaneously.

MoU: Memorandum of understanding

MWC: Mobile World Congress

Network slicing: This is a form of virtual network architecture. A physical network is sliced into several (isolated) virtual networks, which allows operators to meet various service requirements for different customers. This is attractive for telecom providers because it enables them to provide networks on an as-service basis, increase efficiency, and introduce new services faster. Virtual networks are created on top of a common, shared physical infrastructure.

NFV: Network functions virtualization is a form of virtual network architecture (like network slicing) that can be used to build 5G-core network slices that are part of the end-to-end network slicing framework.

NR frequencies: New radio frequencies in which 5G networks can function.

RAN: Radio access network is a technology that connects individual devices to other parts of a network through radio connections. It constitutes part of the end-to-end network slicing for 5G, and it is needed to deliver a range of service requirements. SDN: Software defined networking is a form of virtual network architecture and can be used to build 5G-core network slices that are part of the end-to-end network slicing framework.

V2X: Cellular vehicle-to-everything—a technology that allows vehicles to communicate with moving parts of the traffic system around them; it is essential for autonomous driving.

Huawei 5G in Europe and Beyond

In the past five years, there have been growing cybersecurity concerns about the Chinese company Huawei’s involvement in the deployment of 5G across the world.

This timeline shows over 100 events related to Huawei and 5G in the EU and NATO member states, as well as Australia, Japan, New Zealand, the Philippines, and South Korea. It covers the period between February 2015 and May 2019.

Scroll right to view the events.

Event Types

Agreements
Tests &
Installations
Statements
Bans &
Exclusions
Legislation &
Regulations
  1. 2019
  2. May 3, Czech Republic2019

    Security officials from thirty EU and NATO countries as well as others (including Australia, Germany, Japan, and the United States) attended the Prague 5G Security Conference to establish an outline of best practices to reach a coordinated approach to shared security and policy measures.

  3. April 30, Italy2019

    Phone carrier Vodafone says it has spotted issues in Huawei equipment (known as backdoors) that could have enabled unauthorized Huawei access to Italian homes and businesses in 2011 and 2012 and that it addressed these vulnerabilities.

  4. April 23, United Kingdom2019

    The UK’s National Security Council reportedly agrees to allow Huawei equipment in non-core parts of its 5G network, such as antennas. As of May 8, however, the UK government has not made an official decision.

  5. April 14, Germany2019

    Germany’s Bundesnetzagentur formally states that “no equipment supplier, including Huawei, should, or may, be specifically excluded.”

  6. April 10, Belgium2019

    Belgium’s Center for Cybersecurity states that there is no evidence that Huawei telecoms equipment could be used for spying and overall finds no threat to Belgian security.

  7. April 3, France2019

    France’s Parliament begins debate on a revised bill aimed at tightening 5G security rules after an earlier version was rejected in February. While not directly targeting Huawei, this bill would subject 5G equipment to tests in which suppliers may have to provide industrial secrets in order to be able to bid on contracts.

  8. March 26, European Union2019

    The European Commission proposes a set of measures to promote a common EU approach toward the security of 5G networks.

  9. March 13, Sweden2019

    The minister for digital development announces that Sweden wants to tighten its security requirements for mobile suppliers and operators of telecoms equipment.

  10. March 7, Germany2019

    Economy Minister Peter Altmaier says Germany does not want to exclude Huawei or any other private firm, but announces that telecoms laws will change to ensure that components used in 5G are secure and don’t violate data protection rules.

  11. March 7, Germany2019

    Germany’s Federal Network Agency releases tightened security criteria for all vendors supplying 5G network equipment, stating that critical equipment will have to be scrutinized and certified by Germany’s cybersecurity agency before it is used.

  12. February 25, Japan / India2019

    The Japanese and Indian governments agree in principle to work together on measures to combat cyber attacks related to the development of 5G technology, with concern regarding Huawei products and services.

  13. February 25, Spain2019

    Vodafone and Huawei jointly build a 5G experience zone in Barcelona during MWC 2019. There, Vodafone deployed 5G sites with commercial 5G spectrum5G spectrum: A specific set of broadband frequencies that transmit data only via fiber-based cables (as opposed to older frequencies that use copper cabling). to create a high-performance 5G network using Huawei’s E2EE2E: End-to-end, which in this context refers to end-to-end network slicing that enables operators to segment a single, physical network into various virtual networks where each segment (or slice) represents an independent, virtualized, end-to-end network to provide virtual services. products.

  14. February 24, South Korea2019

    LG Uplus prepares to launch 5G cell sites in South Korea in partnership with Huawei.

  15. February 22, Philippines2019

    Philippine Long Distance Telephone Co, the Philippines’ largest private sector communications provider, is not seeking Huawei as a vendor for 5G equipment.

  16. February 17, United Kingdom2019

    The UK National Cyber Security Center has concluded that it is possible to mitigate the risk when using Huawei equipment in 5G networks.

  17. February 12, Philippines2019

    Globe Telecom announces plan to launch Huawei 5G network later in 2019.

  18. February 8, Germany2019

    German government apparently rules out an official Huawei ban.

  19. February 7, Germany2019

    Reports claim Italy will ban Huawei and ZTE from helping in the rollout of the country’s 5G infrastructure. However, Italy’s industry minister later denies that report.

  20. February 7, France2019

    The French Senate rejects proposed legislation aimed at strengthening checks on telecoms equipment. Senators say they did not have enough time to discuss the matter.

  21. February 6, Germany2019

    German ministers debate shutting Huawei out of the market to safeguard 5G networks. Berlin wants to minimize security risks but has not yet decided on specific measures.

  22. February 5, Czech Republic2019

    Czech cyber watchdog says Huawei and ZTE will be left out of more state tenders for 5G networks after a tax authority barred them in December.

  23. February 5, Germany2019

    German Chancellor Angela Merkel says Germany needs guarantees that Huawei will not hand over data to the Chinese state before the telecoms equipment supplier can participate in building its 5G network

  24. January 25, France2019

    Proposed new legislation would require operators to seek formal approval for the use of certain kinds of equipment considered to be particularly sensitive for spying or sabotage risks.

  25. January 24, Poland2019

    After Polish authorities arrested a Huawei employee on espionage charges on January 11, the Polish government is set to exclude Huawei from its future 5G network in favor of European players.

  26. January 19, Netherlands2019

    The Dutch government is considering restrictions on Huawei ahead of an auction on 5G con-tracts.

  27. January 9, Norway2019

    Norwegian Justice Minister Tor Mikkel Wara says the government is considering whether to exclude Huawei from building its 5G network.

  28. January 8, Italy2019

    FastWeb and Huawei conduct 5G trials in Cagliari after achieving successful connections in Milan, Prato, L’Aquila, Bari, and Matera.

  29. 2018
  30. December 21, United Kingdom2018

    The British operator O2 (also known as Telefónica UK Limited) announce 5G trials over 200 sites in London, using Huawei equipment, to prepare for the 5G commercial launch in 2019.

  31. December 19, Italy2018

    Telecom Italia commits to Huawei equipment.

  32. December 18, Czech Republic2018

    The Czech Republic’s prime minister orders his government office to stop using Huawei mobile phones, after its national cybersecurity agency warned that products by Huawei and ZTE pose “a security threat.”

  33. December 14, Germany2018

    Telekom reviews network suppliers over concerns surrounding Huawei, indicating they might drop Huawei from its list of hardware suppliers.

  34. December 14, France2018

    France, which has safeguards in place for critical parts of its telecoms networks, is considering adding items to its “high-alert” list that tacitly targets Huawei.

  35. December 12, France2018

    Orange France CEO says the company won’t use Huawei equipment for a 5G network.

  36. December 10, Ireland2018

    Vodafone and Eir confirm they will use Huawei’s 5G systems and equipment.

  37. December 10, Japan2018

    Japan’s three main mobile phone carriers SoftBank Group, NTT Docomo, and KDDI decide to not use Huawei equipment for 5G after the Japanese government ban.

  38. December 7, Belgium2018

    Belgium’s cybersecurity agency is reportedly considering a ban on Huawei.

  39. December 7, European Union2018

    Commissioner Andrus Ansip says Europe should be worried about Chinese telecom vendors like Huawei due to growing concerns about cybersecurity risks.

  40. December 7, Japan2018

    Reports surface that Japan plans to ban government purchases of equipment from Huawei.

  41. December 7, France2018

    French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire says Chinese tech giant Huawei is welcome in France, though the government could block certain investments.

  42. December 6, United Kingdom2018

    The UK government is conducting a review into the resilience of its supply chains that could lead to recommendations affecting Huawei.

  43. December 5, Portugal2018

    Altice Portugal and Huawei sign an MoU committing to the development and implementation of 5G services in Portugal.

  44. December 5, United Kingdom2018

    British carrier BT Group Plc begins to remove Huawei gear from the core of the EE mobile network it acquired two years ago.

  45. December 4, United Kingdom2018

    Head of MI6 says UK government must decide if Huawei is suitable for its 5G network.

  46. November 28, New Zealand2018

    New Zealand’s Government Communications Security Bureau tells telecom company Spark that it cannot use Chinese networking vendor Huawei’s technology to deploy its 5G network across the nation over technology concerns.

  47. November 13, Germany2018

    German officials are growing concerned about Huawei building the country’s 5G infrastructure.

  48. November 13, Latvia2018

    Bite Latvija and Huawei sign an MoU on the establishment of 5G network infrastructure in Latvia, including the construction of a 5G base station in Riga in 2019.

  49. November 9, South Korea2018

    KT Corp. excludes Huawei as the equipment supplier for its 5G mobile telecommunication network.

  50. November 6, Netherlands2018

    On Rotterdam harbor, KPN, Shell, Huawei, ExRobotics, Accenture, and ABB test industrial 5G applications.

  51. October 30, South Korea2018

    South Korea’s third-largest mobile carrier, LG Uplus confirms use of Huawei equipment for a 5G network.

  52. September 24, Spain2018

    Vodafone, in association with Huawei, installs 5G network nodes in Madrid.

  53. September 17, India2018

    The Department of Telecommunications excludes Huawei and ZTE from its list of companies asked to partner for trials to develop 5G use cases for India.

  54. September 14, South Korea2018

    SK Telecom, South Korea’s largest wireless operator, excludes Huawei as a preferred bidder for 5G equipment.

  55. September 13, Poland2018

    Orange Polska and Huawei launch a station supporting 5G technology in Gliwice.

  56. September 7, Canada2018

    The Communications Security Establishment intelligence agency says it has been conducting tests on Huawei equipment since 2013 to see if it poses any danger to the country.

  57. August 22, Australia 2018

    Australia bans Huawei and ZTE from providing 5G to mobile phone operators due to concerns over national security.

  58. July 19, United Kingdom2018

    A UK intelligence report flags technical issues in Huawei’s engineering, posing “new risks in UK telecoms networks” and that it can’t be guaranteed that Huawei’s equipment doesn’t compromise national security.

  59. July 15, Malta2018

    The Maltese government and Chinese technology giant Huawei sign an MoUMoU: Memorandum of understanding to cooperate on 5G trials and network building.

  60. May 19, Denmark2018

    Danish telecom company TDC announces it is choosing Ericsson over Huawei to build out its 5G mobile network in Denmark.

  61. May 3, Germany2018

    Deutsche Telekom installs the first six commercial antennas (using Huawei equipment) for test operations in Berlin’s Mitte and Schoneberg districts (the 5G cluster).

  62. May 3, Denmark2018

    TDC, in partnership with Huawei, tests 5G technology.

  63. April 26, Belgium2018

    Proximus and Huawei achieve a successful 5G outdoor trial with 2.94 Gbps throughput and 1.81 millisecond E2EE2E: End-to-end, which in this context refers to end-to-end network slicing that enables operators to segment a single, physical network into various virtual networks where each segment (or slice) represents an independent, virtualized, end-to-end network to provide virtual services. LatencyLatency: The time, usually measured in milliseconds, in which it takes for a signal to reach a destination and return to the user..

  64. March 15, Estonia2018

    Elisa tests 5G technology with Huawei in Estonia

  65. March 5, Italy2018

    Telecom Italia, in partnership with Fastweb and Huawei, sign a memorandum of understanding with the city councils of Bari and Matera as part of 5G trials to be conducted over the next four years.

  66. February 27, France2018

    Huawei and Bouygues Telecom announce a joint innovation program to experiment 5G in France. Bordeaux will host their first 5G network trial, from single site to multi-site coverage.

  67. February 27, Spain2018

    Telefónica and Huawei complete proof-of-concept test of 5G-V2XV2X: Cellular vehicle-to-everything—a technology that allows vehicles to communicate with moving parts of the traffic system around them; it is essential for autonomous driving. assisted driving and demonstrate a virtual reality service using 5G E2EE2E: End-to-end, which in this context refers to end-to-end network slicing that enables operators to segment a single, physical network into various virtual networks where each segment (or slice) represents an independent, virtualized, end-to-end network to provide virtual services. network slicing technology underpinned by Telefónica’s UNICA program.

  68. February 27, Canada2018

    Huawei and Bell Canada, Canada’s largest private sector communications provider, announce Bell’s successful 5G trials for wireless to the home.

  69. February 21, Spain2018

    Vodafone and Huawei jointly complete a call using the non-standalone 3GPP3GPP: 3rd Generation Partnership Project, an organization that develops standards for mobile telephony. 5G NRNR frequencies: New radio frequencies in which 5G networks can function. standard.

  70. February 20, Germany2018

    Deutsche Telekom, Intel, and Huawei collaborate to achieve 5G interoperability and development testing based on the 3GPP3GPP: 3rd Generation Partnership Project, an organization that develops standards for mobile telephony. R15 standard using Huawei’s 5G commercial base station and Intel’s third generation 5G NRNR frequencies: New radio frequencies in which 5G networks can function. Mobile Trial Platform.

  71. February 14, Canada2018

    Huawei announces it is launching a user trial for wireless-to-the-home 5G service in cooperation with Canadian telecom firm Telus.

  72. February 9, Austria2018

    T-Mobile Austria installs two tower sites in Innsbruck for a live trial of a preliminary version of the final 5G standard. Huawei provided the 5G E2EE2E: End-to-end, which in this context refers to end-to-end network slicing that enables operators to segment a single, physical network into various virtual networks where each segment (or slice) represents an independent, virtualized, end-to-end network to provide virtual services. network system, and the 640 kilometers of fiber-optic infrastructure was operated by Innsbruck municipal utilities.

  73. February 7, Finland2018

    Elisa launches tests of virtual reality, augmented reality, and game applications on a 5G network it built with Huawei in Helsinki. Elisa also tested a 5G network in a moving car simultaneously with two 5G terminal devices, in a trial with Huawei in Helsinki.

  74. 2017
  75. December 18, Romania2017

    Orange Romania and Huawei conduct a live technology trial of a massive MIMOMIMO: Multiple-input and multiple-output. Antenna and MIMO are methods to send and receive data signals simultaneously. solution in Bucharest.

  76. December 14, Switzerland2017

    Huawei and Sunrise jointly showcase the large scope of 5G use cases on a 5G E2EE2E: End-to-end, which in this context refers to end-to-end network slicing that enables operators to segment a single, physical network into various virtual networks where each segment (or slice) represents an independent, virtualized, end-to-end network to provide virtual services. network.

  77. November 15, United Kingdom2017

    EE and Huawei demonstrate data speeds using a 5G E2EE2E: End-to-end, which in this context refers to end-to-end network slicing that enables operators to segment a single, physical network into various virtual networks where each segment (or slice) represents an independent, virtualized, end-to-end network to provide virtual services. test network in EE’s UK mobile lab.

  78. November 7, Italy2017

    First 5G data connection in Italy achieved with Huawei in Milan.

  79. October 12, Germany2017

    Deutsche Telekom and Huawei announce the implementation of 5G antennas in Berlin.

  80. September 20, Italy2017

    Telecom Italia, Fastweb, and Huawei announce they have agreed to start 5G testing in Bari and Matera by mid-2018.

  81. June 19, Turkey2017

    Turkcell and Huawei test 5G technology in Istanbul.

  82. March 30, Norway2017

    Telenor signs an agreement with Huawei at the MWCMWC: Mobile World Congress in Barcelona to start 5G testing in 2017.

  83. March 6, Turkey2017

    Turk Telekom signs an MoUMoU: Memorandum of understanding with Huawei announcing they will cooperate to develop 5G technology.

  84. February 27, Germany2017

    T-Mobile signs a five-year strategic cooperation agreement with Huawei to develop wireless hybrid broadcast broadband services.

  85. February 27, Germany2017

    Telefónica launches 5G outfield trial in Munch in partnership with Hauwei.

  86. February 25, Germany2017

    Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt (the German Aerospace Center) signs a collaboration agreement with Huawei to define requirements on future 5G mobile radio standards for use cases and 5G automotive applications.

  87. February 16, France2017

    Orange and Huawei sign a partnership agreement to cooperate on 5G and cloudificationCloud and cloudification: The practice of employing a network of remote servers hosted on the internet, allowing a user to store, manage, and process data, as opposed to using a computer or local server. technologies.

  88. January 24, Netherlands2017

    In the frame of the EU project 5Groningen, tests for 5G applications are undertaken with Huawei, KPN, Vodafone, and Ericsson in five different themes: care, energy, traffic and logistics, agriculture, and living environment.

  89. January 23, Netherlands2017

    Five companies including Huawei participate in two-week NFVNFV: Network functions virtualization is a form of virtual network architecture (like network slicing) that can be used to build 5G-core network slices that are part of the end-to-end network slicing framework. plug tests, which were hosted by European standards organization ETSI in Madrid.

  90. 2016
  91. December 8, United Kingdom2016

    BT and Huawei initiate a partnership to explore various aspects of 5G, including network architecture, interface between devices and base stations, network slicingNetwork slicing: This is a form of virtual network architecture. A physical network is sliced into several (isolated) virtual networks, which allows operators to meet various service requirements for different customers. This is attractive for telecom providers because it enables them to provide networks on an as-service basis, increase efficiency, and introduce new services faster. Virtual networks are created on top of a common, shared physical infrastructure., Machine-to-machineMachine-to-machine: The direct communication between electronic devices using wired or wireless communications channels. communications in internet of things (IoT) applications, and security technologies.

  92. November 26, Belgium2016

    Proximus and Huawei successfully test 5G technology.

  93. November 25, Germany2016

    Deutsche Telekom and Huawei announce a demonstration of 5G technology with the addition of E2EE2E: End-to-end, which in this context refers to end-to-end network slicing that enables operators to segment a single, physical network into various virtual networks where each segment (or slice) represents an independent, virtualized, end-to-end network to provide virtual services. that enables operators to segment a single, physical network into various virtual networks where each segment (or slice) represents an independent, virtualized, end-to-end network to provide virtual services. autonomous network slicing to support diversified 5G services.

  94. November 22, Spain2016

    Telefónica and Huawei complete successful 5G tests, with “user centric and no cell” RANRAN: Radio access network is a technology that connects individual devices to other parts of a network through radio connections. It constitutes part of the end-to-end network slicing for 5G, and it is needed to deliver a range of service requirements. SDN: Software defined networking is a form of virtual network architecture and can be used to build 5G-core network slices that are part of the end-to-end network slicing framework. architecture.

  95. October 13, Germany2016

    Vodafone Germany and Huawei perform 5G tests to assess mobility in dense urban city scenarios.

  96. February 18, United Kingdom2016

    Vodafone and Huawei initiate a strategic partnership to test and evaluate a wide range of 5G technologies and services, hoping to bring them to market by 2020.

  97. 2015
  98. November 30, Spain2015

    Telefónica and IMDEA Networks through the 5TONIC Open Research and Innovation Laboratory host a 5G wireless transport SDN proof of concept with six vendors, including Huawei.

  99. August 15, Turkey2015

    Turkcell signs an MoUMoU: Memorandum of understanding with Huawei to cooperate on the development of 5G technology.

  100. June 24, Belgium2015

    Proximus and Huawei sign a 5G MoUMoU: Memorandum of understanding to bring 5G connectivity to two universities in Brussels.

  101. February 26, Germany2015

    The Bavarian State Government, the City of Munich, and the Technische Universitat Munchen agree to cooperatively build the 5G Vertical Industry Accelerator (a system for testing promising 5G concepts).

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