The Islamic revolution upended these ties almost overnight. Thereafter, and for the past forty years the two have found themselves in an ever-worsening conflict, occasionally even in indirect military confrontations.
The non-proliferation regime is a very important element of the broader nuclear order. That broader order involves restraint and deterrence in the potential use of nuclear weapons, commitments to preserve strategic stability, cooperation in preventing proliferation.
As Turkey has increased its military and economic influence over the past decade, relations with the West have become strained. Both sides will have to bend if Ankara and Washington are to work together again.
By focusing exclusively on the traditional hard power implications of North Korea’s missile systems, analysts are missing much of Pyongyang’s strategy.
On Joe Biden’s first full day in the Oval Office, the White House announced its readiness to extend the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, or New START, for five years.
Biden has rightly divined that progress requires that the divisions that now fragment the country and block important decision-making be curtailed
Many West African political elites send their children to boarding schools and universities abroad, especially in the UK. Yet some appear to be using unexplained wealth to pay for it, creating thorny anticorruption challenges for educators, policymakers, and law enforcement.
Unless the Israeli government prefers to take on the Biden administration at this early stage instead of trying to coordinate approaches to Iran and the nuclear deal, it would be well advised to tone down the public rhetoric and threats and focus on old-fashioned but effective quiet diplomacy with Washington.
Russia and the United States will increasingly face disruptions such as droughts, fires, floods, and hurricanes. Climate change will either become just another topic of discord or an area of proactive cooperation.
Some European governments have curtailed core democratic freedoms, at times going beyond necessary pandemic precautions. But civil society is holding these restrictions in check.
By extending the New START Treaty with Russia, President Joe Biden will signal a measure of sanity. But more must be done to reassure Americans and the world that proportionality is at the heart of the United States’ nuclear policies and posture.
Emad Effat would have probably been a name known internationally to very few for much of his life. He didn't seek the spotlight, and he was content to fulfill his duties as a respected Azhari religious scholar.
Most U.S. policymakers tend to see their Japanese counterparts as alliance advocates, but other viewpoints may also shed light on what lies ahead for the U.S.-Japan alliance.
When combating influence operations, focusing on discouraging misleading digital market techniques is a more versatile, effective strategy than focusing on whether foreign or domestic actors are involved.
It’s hard not to be impressed by the energy and scale of Saturday’s angry protests all across Russia against the imprisonment of opposition politician Alexei Navalny. But it would be rather short-sighted to forget that the regime of Russian President Vladimir Putin long ago mastered the art of dealing with manifestations of popular discontent. The Kremlin has barely started to tap its vast toolkit for violence and intimidation.
With U.S. President Joe Biden in office, the EU and the United States must find ways to repair the relationship and seek common ground from which to address the global shifts and challenges of the coming decades.
The PCIO has compiled media reporting and publications about influence operations into a public, searchable format, as well as a monthly email.
There has been a surge in announced interventions to counter influence operations over the last two years. But determining their effectiveness is tricky.
A potential five-year extension of the treaty is welcome news, but there is still more work to be done on reducing nuclear risks, halting arms races with Russia and China, and keeping Americans safe.
Ten years after the beginning of the revolutionary uprisings of the “Arab Spring,” many in the region are wondering if things haven’t simply come full circle.