Protesters in Sudan and external supporters of the country’s democratic transition should move beyond preserving the status quo to reset the balance between the civilian and military authorities.
Exactly how far Burhan will have to bend to achieve such a scenario will depend on how enduring are protests inside Sudan and how tough a front is maintained by the United States, the EU, the UN and other bodies, such as the African Union, in demanding a full restoration of civilian government under Hamdok.
Spot analysis from Carnegie scholars on events relating to the Middle East and North Africa.
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An agreement transferring the Sudanese military’s commercial enterprises to civilian control is a remarkable step toward democratic consolidation, but could stumble on key policy prerequisites.
Authoritarian military politics in North Africa will be shaped by relations between the military and the head of state, dynamics within the coercive sector, marginalization of the private sector, and the ability of state actors to leverage foreign support.
As Egypt and Ethiopia negotiate the details of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, tensions are on the rise. Sudan, which has vested interest in the dam, too, could be an essential third party to smooth over the disputes.
Once isolated globally, the African nation has become a target of interest for a variety of regional and international countries.
Along the Egypt-Sudan border, tensions have been rising for several decades despite limited efforts at cooperation. Both countries need to reexamine their border policies to prevent further escalation.