Authoritarian military politics in North Africa will be shaped by relations between the military and the head of state, dynamics within the coercive sector, marginalization of the private sector, and the ability of state actors to leverage foreign support.
As conflicts in Syria, Yemen, Libya, and Iraq move toward de-escalation, postwar reconstruction will be complicated. Each country has a unique postwar outlook, but in all four countries, political reconstruction is a key foundation for long-term economic stability.
Humanity’s response to the climate crisis is reproducing the same logic that created it. The history of the Middle East and the Arab Spring foretell our global future: ignore ecological integrity at your peril.
The coronavirus has devastated fragile and conflict-affected states, exacerbating suffering and, in some cases, shifting power dynamics in ways that are likely to influence politics or the conflicts even when the pandemic subsides.
The Southern Neighborhood's societal struggles, historic animosities, and religious confrontations—not to mention the coronavirus pandemic and the uncertain prospects facing youths—could threaten Europe’s security
The event will feature remarks by William J. Burns, Ann Kerr, and Maha Yahya, followed by a conversation between Jihad Azour, Marwan Muasher, Ben Rhodes, and Christiane Amanpour looking toward the ten-year anniversary of the Arab Spring.
Foreign states have long meddled in Libya’s post-2011 conflicts, but this latest phase of the civil war has seen intensified military interventions by Russia, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates, all in violation of a UN arms embargo. Why have diplomatic efforts to end the proxy war failed?
For almost a decade, Libya has been riven by increasingly internationalized conflicts. Foreign missteps and the failures of Libyan elites to produce political unity and workable institutions have opened the field for an escalating proxy war.
Along the border between Tunisia and Libya, informal trade agreements led to a tight-knit border economy. But political changes in both Libya and Tunisia have fundamentally altered the economic and security landscape.
Nonresident Scholar Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center
Hamza Meddeb is a nonresident scholar at the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on economic reform, political economy of conflicts, and border insecurity across the Middle East and North Africa.
Frederic Wehrey is a senior fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. His research deals with armed conflict and post-conflict transitions, security sector governance, and U.S. policy, with a focus on Libya, North Africa, and the Gulf.
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