Middle East

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    • Proliferation Analysis

    Russia and the Iranian Nuclear Crisis

    At first glance, Russia's current position on the Iranian nuclear crisis is quite controversial.

    • Article

    Russia and the Iranian Nuclear Crisis

    • Alexei Arbatov
    • May 23, 2006

    At first glance, Russia's current position on the Iranian nuclear crisis is quite controversial.

    • Op-Ed

    A Time for ‘Quiet Diplomacy’ Between Israel and Hamas?

    Nathan Brown, a leading expert on Palestinian politics and Islamic law at the Carnegie Endowment, says that since neither Israel nor Hamas has much experience dealing with the other, what is needed is a period of "quiet diplomacy."

    • Event

    Coping with Hamas

    May 18, 2006 - Nathan Brown presented his Policy Brief "Living with Palestinian Democracy."  Larry Garber, the New Israel Fund, and Ori Nir, The Forward, served as discussants and Julia Choucair served as moderator.

    • Policy Outlook

    Living with Palestinian Democracy

    By isolating the new Hamas government diplomatically and financially, the US and its allies have succeeded in bringing the Palestinian Authority to the brink of collapse. In addition, government and opposition leaders in the Middle East regard the West's reaction to Hamas as a test of its sincerity in the push for regional political reform.

    • Testimony

    Is the Nuclear Non-proliferation Regime in crisis? If so, why? Are there remedies?

    The international community should stand back and reflect on the lessons learned from the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) experience in implementing safeguards over the last decade, particularly in North Korea and Iran. Such review and reflection suggests that just when safeguards are getting better, the political will to use them effectively seems to be waning.

    • Op-Ed

    Bush Should Engage Iranian President in Dialogue, Not Back Away

    President Mahmoud Amadinejad of Iran sent a letter to President Bush raising questions about American "justice" and questioning whether the United States or Iran is more righteous. This letter should be answered in kind by the Bush administration. Unfortunately, there is likely to be no such reply.

    • Proliferation Analysis

    Ahmadinejad's Letter to Bush

    Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad sent the following letter to President George Bush.  The unorthodox letter contains no concrete diplomatic proposals, but it does suggest Ahmadinejad's confidence that by championing a moral, religious, political, and economic critique against U.S. ideology and policies he can tap populist passions swelling not only in the Middle East and other Muslim societies but also in Latin America.  Ahmadinejad is inviting a contest over whether the positions he and Iran pursue are more just than those of the Bush Administration.  The U.S. should not ignore this challenge, but rather take it head on. In the Foreign Affairs article, "Giving Justice Its Due," (July/August 2005), George Perkovich suggested some ways in which the U.S. could address growing international demands for justice to complement the "freedom doctrine." We have provided the full text of Ahmadinejad's letter to President Bush. (Read More)

    • Op-Ed

    Al-Qaeda Faces an Ideological Crisis

    The strident tone of Osama bin Laden's latest videotape masks an ideological crisis for Al-Qaeda. Arab politics have transcended the legacy of Al-Qaeda. Today gradualism, participation, and democratic reform, rather than radical violence and jihad, set the agenda.

    • Op-Ed

    Preaching Democracy

Carnegie Experts on
Special Projects

  • expert thumbnail - Acton
    James M. Acton
    Jessica T. Mathews Chair
    Co-director
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Acton holds the Jessica T. Mathews Chair and is co-director of the Nuclear Policy Program and a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Adebahr
    Cornelius Adebahr
    Nonresident Fellow
    Carnegie Europe
    Adebahr is a nonresident fellow at Carnegie Europe. His research focuses on European foreign policy.
  • expert thumbnail - Al-Saif
    Bader Al-Saif
    Nonresident Fellow
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Bader Mousa Al-Saif is a nonresident fellow at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where his research focuses on the Gulf and Arabian Peninsula.
  • expert thumbnail - Bateman
    Jon Bateman
    Fellow
    Cyber Policy Initiative
    Jon Bateman is a fellow in the Cyber Policy Initiative of the Technology and International Affairs Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Blanc
    Jarrett Blanc
    Senior Fellow
    Geoeconomics and Strategy Program
    Jarrett Blanc is a senior fellow in the Geoeconomics and Strategy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Brown
    Frances Z. Brown
    Senior Fellow
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Dr. Frances Z. Brown is a senior fellow with Carnegie’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, who previously worked at the White House, USAID, and in non-governmental organizations. She writes on conflict, governance, and U.S. foreign policy.
  • expert thumbnail - Brown
    Nathan J. Brown
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Brown, a professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University, is a distinguished scholar and author of six well-received books on Arab politics.
  • expert thumbnail - Carothers
    Thomas Carothers
    Harvey V. Fineberg Chair for Democracy Studies
    Senior Vice President for Studies
    Thomas Carothers is senior vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He is a leading authority on international support for democracy, human rights, governance, the rule of law, and civil society.
  • expert thumbnail - Collins
    James F. Collins
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Russia and Eurasia Program;
    Diplomat in Residence
    Ambassador Collins was the U.S. ambassador to the Russian Federation from 1997 to 2001 and is an expert on the former Soviet Union, its successor states, and the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Crocker
    Ryan Crocker
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Geoeconomics and Strategy Program
    Ryan Crocker is a nonresident senior fellow in the Geoeconomics and Strategy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - DiMaggio
    Suzanne DiMaggio
    Senior Fellow
    Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
    Suzanne DiMaggio is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where she focuses on U.S. foreign policy toward the Middle East and Asia, especially Iran and North Korea.
  • expert thumbnail - Dunne
    Michele Dunne
    Director and Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Farouk
    Yasmine Farouk
    Visiting Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Yasmine Farouk is a visiting fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Ghattas
    Kim Ghattas
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Kim Ghattas is a nonresident senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Gottemoeller
    Rose Gottemoeller
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Rose Gottemoeller is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program. She also serves as the Frank E. and Arthur W. Payne Distinguished Lecturer at Stanford University’s Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies and is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution.
  • expert thumbnail - Hamzawy
    Amr Hamzawy
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Amr Hamzawy studied political science and developmental studies in Cairo, The Hague, and Berlin.
  • expert thumbnail - Hasan
    Harith Hasan
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Harith Hasan is a nonresident senior fellow at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on Iraq, sectarianism, identity politics, religious actors, and state-society relations.
  • expert thumbnail - Hassan
    Zaha Hassan
    Visiting Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Zaha Hassan is a human rights lawyer and visiting fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • H. A. Hellyer
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program
    Dr. H.A. Hellyer is a senior associate fellow and scholar at the Royal United Services Institute in London and a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. His research focuses on politics, international relations, security, and religion in the West and the Arab world.
  • expert thumbnail - Hibbs
    Mark Hibbs
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Hibbs is a Germany-based nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program. His areas of expertise are nuclear verification and safeguards, multilateral nuclear trade policy, international nuclear cooperation, and nonproliferation arrangements.
  • expert thumbnail - Hill
    Christopher Hill
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Asia Program
    Ambassador Christopher Robert Hill is currently chief global advisor at the University of Denver Global Engagement. He is a former career diplomat, a four-time ambassador, nominated by three presidents, whose last post was as ambassador to Iraq.
  • expert thumbnail - Kerry
    John Kerry
    Visiting Distinguished Statesman
    John Kerry is a visiting distinguished statesman at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he will focus on conflict resolution and global environmental challenges.
  • expert thumbnail - Khaddour
    Kheder Khaddour
    Nonresident Scholar
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Kheder Khaddour is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. His research centers on civil military relations and local identities in the Levant, with a focus on Syria.
  • expert thumbnail - Levite
    Ariel (Eli) Levite
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Cyber Policy Initiative
    Levite was the principal deputy director general for policy at the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission from 2002 to 2007.
  • expert thumbnail - Mathews
    Jessica Tuchman Mathews
    Distinguished Fellow
    Mathews is a distinguished fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. She served as Carnegie’s president for 18 years.
  • expert thumbnail - Mbarek
    Nesrine Mbarek
    Gardner Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Nesrine Mbarek is a John Gardner Fellow for Public Service working at Carnegie’s Middle East Program.
  • expert thumbnail - McGurk
    Brett McGurk
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Brett McGurk is a nonresident senior fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Meddeb
    Hamza Meddeb
    Nonresident Scholar
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Hamza Meddeb is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on economic reform, political economy of conflicts, and border insecurity across the Middle East and North Africa.
  • expert thumbnail - Miller
    Aaron David Miller
    Senior Fellow
    Aaron David Miller is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, focusing on U.S. foreign policy.
  • expert thumbnail - Miller
    Andrew Miller
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program
    Andrew Miller is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program.
  • expert thumbnail - Muasher
    Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies
    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Nerguizian
    Aram Nerguizian
    Senior Advisor
    Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Aram Nerguizian is senior advisor of the Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his work focuses on the Lebanese security sector, long-term force transformation in the Levant, and efforts to develop national security institutions in post-conflict and divided societies.
  • expert thumbnail - O’Donohue
    Andrew O’Donohue
    Nonresident Research Assistant
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Andrew O’Donohue is a nonresident research assistant in the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, where his research focuses on political polarization and challenges facing democratic governance.
  • expert thumbnail - Perkovich
    George Perkovich
    Ken Olivier and Angela Nomellini Chair
    Vice President for Studies
    Perkovich works primarily on nuclear strategy and nonproliferation issues; cyberconflict; and new approaches to international public-private management of strategic technologies.
  • expert thumbnail - Pierini
    Marc Pierini
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe
    Pierini is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on developments in the Middle East and Turkey from a European perspective.
  • expert thumbnail - Ryu
    Rexon Y. Ryu
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Ryu is a nonresident senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he leads an initiative focused on the intersection of diplomacy, technology, and innovation.
  • expert thumbnail - Sadjadpour
    Karim Sadjadpour
    Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Karim Sadjadpour is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on Iran and U.S. foreign policy toward the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Sayigh
    Yezid Sayigh
    Senior Fellow
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Yezid Sayigh is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where he leads the program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States (CMRAS). His work focuses on the comparative political and economic roles of Arab armed forces and nonstate actors, the impact of war on states and societies, and the politics of postconflict reconstruction and security sector transformation in Arab transitions, and authoritarian resurgence.
  • expert thumbnail - Sokolsky
    Richard Sokolsky
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Russia and Eurasia Program
    Richard Sokolsky is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program. His work focuses on U.S. policy toward Russia in the wake of the Ukraine crisis.
  • expert thumbnail - Ülgen
    Sinan Ülgen
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe
    Ülgen is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on Turkish foreign policy, nuclear policy, cyberpolicy, and transatlantic relations.
  • expert thumbnail - Volpe
    Tristan Volpe
    Nonresident Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Tristan Volpe is a nonresident fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and assistant professor of defense analysis at the Naval Postgraduate School.
  • expert thumbnail - Walles
    Jake Walles
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Jake Walles is a nonresident senior fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on Israeli-Palestinian issues, Tunisia, and counterterrorism.
  • expert thumbnail - Wehrey
    Frederic Wehrey
    Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Frederic Wehrey is a senior fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. His research deals with armed conflict, security sectors, and identity politics, with a focus on Libya, North Africa, and the Gulf.
  • expert thumbnail - Yahya
    Maha Yahya
    Director
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Yahya is director of the Carnegie Middle East Center, where her research focuses on citizenship, pluralism, and social justice in the aftermath of the Arab uprisings.
  • expert thumbnail - Yerkes
    Sarah Yerkes
    Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Sarah Yerkes is a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program, where her research focuses on Tunisia’s political, economic, and security developments as well as state-society relations in the Middle East and North Africa.

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