• Time for a US/Iran Patch Up

      • James E. Doyle, Sara Kutchesfahani
      • March 21, 2006
      • March 21

      • Op-Ed

      Speaking to Tehran, With One Voice

      With the Iranian nuclear crisis about to land in the Security Council, the events that led up to the war in Iraq point clearly to what needs to be done.

      • TV/Radio Broadcast

      Nuclear Pact to Spur U.S.-India Ties

      U.S. civilian nuclear cooperation with India poses a danger for the international nonproliferation framework. This deal breaks thirty years of nonproliferation policy and will directly assist India's nuclear weapons program.

      • Op-Ed

      The US's Nuclear Cave-In

      • Proliferation Analysis

      Premature Capitulation

      There are many alternatives short of war for dealing with Iran's nuclear ambitions, but the wrong compromise today will only lead us all back to the brink tomorrow.

      • TV/Radio Broadcast

      The New Brinksmanship: Iran's Nuclear Threat

      • Article

      No Military Options

      Iran is moving to restart its suspended uranium enrichment program. Negotiations with the European Union have collapsed and the crisis is escalating. Does the United States -- or Israel -- have a military option?

      • Proliferation Analysis

      Heavy Metal

      If you do not know the difference between uranium metal and uranium oxide, you never heard of “Green Salt” until today, and you have been more interested in Pittsburgh vs. Seattle than Tehran vs. Vienna, here’s your chance to catch up on the latest developments in the Iranian nuclear showdown. 

      We provide answers (with extensive quotes from the confidential IAEA report) to three key questions:  What did the IAEA report say that was new, what does reporting to the Security Council mean, and what happens next?

      1. What new evidence was in the January 31 IAEA confidential report on Iran?

      Iran has taken some measures to attempt to assure the IAEA that it is in compliance with its safeguards agreement. Yet key issues remain unresolved, including explanation of particles of enriched uranium found on centrifuges, IAEA access to critical sites and scientists, and the interesting document detailing how to turn uranium into a metal.  This later procedure has no role in fuel production; uranium in metal form is only used in nuclear weapons

      The updated brief by the Deputy Director General for Safeguards says:

      “Iran has shown the Agency more than 60 documents said to have been drawings, specifications and supporting documentation handed over by the intermediaries, many of which are dated from the early- to mid-1980’s. Among these was a 15-page document describing the procedures for the reduction of UF6 to metal in small quantities, and the casting of enriched and depleted uranium metal into hemispheres, related to the fabrication of nuclear weapon components. It did not, however, include dimensions or other specifications for machined pieces for such components. According to Iran, this document had been provided on the initiative of the network, and not at the request of the AEOI. Iran has declined the Agency’s request to provide the Agency with a copy of the document, but did permit the Agency during its visit in January 2006 to examine the document again and to place it under Agency seal.”

      Much of this language was reported in the November 2005 IAEA Report on outstanding questions on the peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear activities. New to the latest report is a direct reference to a 15-page document and the critical phrase, “…related to the fabrication of nuclear weapon components.” (Read More)

      • Testimony

      Options Available to the United States to Counter a Nuclear Iran

      • George Perkovich
      • February 01, 2006
      • Testimony by George Perkovich before the House Armed Services Committee

      • Op-Ed

      It's the Regime, Stupid

    Carnegie Experts on

    • expert thumbnail - Acton
      James M. Acton
      Jessica T. Mathews Chair
      Nuclear Policy Program
      Acton holds the Jessica T. Mathews Chair and is co-director of the Nuclear Policy Program and a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Adebahr
      Cornelius Adebahr
      Nonresident Fellow
      Carnegie Europe
      Adebahr is a nonresident fellow at Carnegie Europe. His research focuses on European foreign policy.
    • expert thumbnail - Baloch
      Bilal Baloch
      Visiting Fellow
      Bilal Baloch is a visiting fellow at Carnegie India where his research focuses on the political economy of government behavior in India and other developing democracies.
    • expert thumbnail - Blanc
      Jarrett Blanc
      Senior Fellow
      Geoeconomics and Strategy Program
      Jarrett Blanc is a senior fellow in the Geoeconomics and Strategy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Cammack
      Perry Cammack
      Middle East Program
      Perry Cammack is a fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on long-term regional trends and their implications for American foreign policy.
    • expert thumbnail - DiMaggio
      Suzanne DiMaggio
      Senior Fellow
      Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
      Suzanne DiMaggio is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where she focuses on U.S. foreign policy toward the Middle East and Asia, especially Iran and North Korea.
    • expert thumbnail - Hamzawy
      Amr Hamzawy
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Middle East Program
      Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
      Amr Hamzawy studied political science and developmental studies in Cairo, The Hague, and Berlin.
    • expert thumbnail - Hibbs
      Mark Hibbs
      Senior Fellow
      Nuclear Policy Program
      Hibbs is a Germany-based senior fellow in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program. His areas of expertise are nuclear verification and safeguards, multilateral nuclear trade policy, international nuclear cooperation, and nonproliferation arrangements.
    • expert thumbnail - Levite
      Ariel (Eli) Levite
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Nuclear Policy Program
      Levite was the principal deputy director general for policy at the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission from 2002 to 2007.
    • expert thumbnail - Lynch
      Marc Lynch
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Middle East Program
      Marc Lynch is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program where his work focuses on the politics of the Arab world.
    • expert thumbnail - Muasher
      Marwan Muasher
      Vice President for Studies
      Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.
    • expert thumbnail - Perkovich
      George Perkovich
      Ken Olivier and Angela Nomellini Chair
      Vice President for Studies
      Perkovich works primarily on nuclear strategy and nonproliferation issues; cyberconflict; and new approaches to international public-private management of strategic technologies.
    • expert thumbnail - Sadjadpour
      Karim Sadjadpour
      Senior Fellow
      Middle East Program
      Karim Sadjadpour is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on Iran and U.S. foreign policy toward the Middle East.
    • expert thumbnail - Sokolsky
      Richard Sokolsky
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Russia and Eurasia Program
      Richard Sokolsky is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program. His work focuses on U.S. policy toward Russia in the wake of the Ukraine crisis.
    • expert thumbnail - Ülgen
      Sinan Ülgen
      Visiting Scholar
      Carnegie Europe
      Ülgen is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on Turkish foreign policy, nuclear policy, cyberpolicy, and transatlantic relations.
    • expert thumbnail - Volpe
      Tristan Volpe
      Nonresident Fellow
      Nuclear Policy Program
      Tristan Volpe is a nonresident fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and assistant professor of defense analysis at the Naval Postgraduate School.
    • expert thumbnail - Wehrey
      Frederic Wehrey
      Senior Fellow
      Middle East Program
      Wehrey specializes in post-conflict transitions, armed groups, and identity politics, with a focus on Libya, North Africa, and the Gulf.

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