Turkey’s incursion into Afrin marks a significant move in Ankara’s campaign against the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG).
Ankara’s latest military offensive in Syria and its domestic agenda are leading to a cul-de-sac with the EU.
Sinan Ülgen discusses Turkey’s options as it maneuvers in a complicated regional and international context.
Turkey is haphazardly decoupling from Western norms and behavior, but the EU must remain an anchor for Turkish democrats.
Revamping its Customs Union with Turkey is the only viable way for the EU to encourage rules-based economic and political reforms in the country and maintain engagement with Ankara.
Despite a large-scale crackdown on civil society, groups in Turkey are adjusting their institutions and preserving their voices with a cautious eye to the future.
If NATO is to remain effective, the security needs of its Southern neighborhood must be countered by a more sustainable and ambitious strategy.
The United States should not commit massive resources to roll back Iranian influence in Syria. President Donald Trump’s call with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan may have headed that off.
Despite a deteriorating relationship, Brussels and Ankara will have to find a way to work together.
Though challenges remain, Turkey is pushing forward with efforts to integrate Syrian students and teachers into its education system.