Turkey

    • Multimedia

    Players in Black Sea Security: Turkey and Bulgaria

    First, Dimitar explains Turkey's relationship with Russia, NATO, and the US in order to illustrate the many factors behind Erdogan's foreign policy. Last, Dimitar dives into Bulgarian foreign policy, which has traditionally been Russophilic and anti-risk, but has taken a greater stand against Russia.

    • Research

    Making the New U.S.-Turkey Strategic Mechanism Meaningful

    The Strategic Mechanism has significant potential to get U.S.-Turkey relations back on track depending on how readily the partners invest political capital and make sound policy decisions.

    • Commentary

    European “Lessons” for Turkey

    Recent elections in Europe may provide Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan with useful examples on how to undermine the integrity of the country’s democratic processes. These include the use of disinformation, media blackouts, and state resources to advantage the incumbent party.

    • Commentary

    The War in Ukraine and Turkey’s Coming Challenges

    A prolonged state of war in Ukraine is Ankara’s biggest nightmare and unfortunately, an increasing likelihood. Turkish Presidential spokesperson Ibrahim Kalin recently made the latter point by stating that the war in Ukraine is deepening and we are at the beginning of a new cold war that will have long lasting implications.

    • Commentary

    Russia, Turkey and the Spectre of Regional Instability

    The paper explores how instability triggered by the invasion could possibly affect the relationship between Moscow and Ankara.

    • Event

    Caught in the Middle: Turkey’s Position Amidst Russia’s War on Ukraine

    So far during Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Turkey has positioned itself in a manner mostly convergent with its Western Allies. However, Ankara’s exposure to Russia on multiple fronts present it with difficult choices. Join Carnegie for a conversation on the implications of Russia's war in Ukraine.

    • Multimedia

    Turkey In The Middle

    Last week, Russian and Ukrainian officials arrived in Istanbul, Turkey for the latest round of peace talks amid the ongoing crisis. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has cornered Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan into a difficult dilemma. As a NATO member, Turkey is trying to balance its support for Ukraine without aggressively provoking Russia.

    • Research

    Border Nation: The Reshaping of the Syrian-Turkish Borderlands

    After a decade of civil war, Syria’s border with Turkey is divided. Yet long-term stability will require a peace agreement that treats the border as an indivisible whole.

    • Diwan

    Power to Which People?

    In an interview, Nikolay Kozhanov explains how the Ukraine conflict will affect Middle Eastern hydrocarbons production.

    • Commentary

    Turkey’s Response to the War in Ukraine

    Given Turkey’s fears of Russian aggression, as well as the opportunity the invasion provides for Ankara to reassert itself as a diplomatic heavyweight, Erdogan’s motives to play intermediary between Kyiv and Moscow are clear. However, the odds of success in these negotiations are mixed at best.

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