While Ankara’s activist policy in Southeast Europe has prompted many to see the country as a revisionist power, this is not the case. Turkey is not an external player but very much part of the Balkans, and its foreign policy is a parallel strategy to those of the EU and NATO, rather than a challenge.
With accession talks at an impasse, Turkey and the EU need another way to revitalize their relationship.
Ankara’s drone sales to Kiev have angered Moscow. A military escalation in and around Ukraine would endanger Turkey’s relationship with Russia, impair its participation in NATO operations, or both.
For the third time in three decades, Ankara and Yerevan are trying to normalize relations. In a region plagued by rivalry, distrust, and historical grievances, this will be no easy feat.
Carnegie scholars assess U.S.-European cooperation on China, technology, climate, and more.
Turkey should strive to balance its status as a major exporter of drones with careful adherence to best practices and norms on arms sales and export controls.
In the last two decades, the Balkans appear to have become a new arena for religious competition between Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and Iran. The strategies used by these very different actors show their efforts in exporting faith in the name of power and in projecting their identity and domestic structures.
Despite soaring inflation rates and dwindling currency reserves, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan remains committed to the Turkish Growth Model. Beyond monetary policy, Turkish foreign policy is being recalibrated to account for the country’s political, business, and economic interests.
Reading the recently published coalition document, ‘continuity with a different emphasis’ seems to be the message. Continuity has a simple reason: Turkey is important in the life of Germany – socially, economically and culturally – and will remain so.
Former German chancellor Angela Merkel played a crucial role in keeping the EU-Turkey relationship on track. New leadership in Berlin—a three-party coalition of Social Democrats, Greens and Liberals—raises questions about the future substance and tone of relations between Germany, the EU, and Turkey.