North Africa

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    • Sada - Analysis

    Information Summit and Freedom of Expression in Tunisia

    The choice of Tunisia to host the November 16-18 second World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) has provoked much controversy. The idea behind the Summit is to bridge the gap between rich and poor countries in a field that has proven to be one of the focal points of present and future progress.

    • Sada - Analysis

    Sudan: Old Problems Resolved, New Ones Created

    The January 2005 peace agreement has improved Sudan's standing in the international community, as demonstrated by $6 billion in economic support raised at a donors' conference in Oslo in April 2005. Inside Sudan, however, the agreement has revealed new sources of instability.

    • Sada - Analysis

    Egypt: Making the Vote Freer and Fairer?

    With its July 2005 establishment of supposedly autonomous commissions to oversee this fall's presidential and parliamentary elections, Egypt joined several Arab countries that have created election management bodies. The ruling National Democratic Party has touted the commissions, headed by judicial figures, as enhancing constitutionally-mandated judicial supervision of the electoral process.

    • Sada - Analysis

    Interview with George Ishak, founding member of the Egyptian Movement for Change (Kifaya), June 16, 2005

    • Sada - Analysis

    Can Its Middle East Policy Serve Democracy?

    Arabs often question the United States' commitment to promoting democracy in the Middle East, arguing its policies are inconsistent and even hypocritical. In reality, the commitment to democracy by President George W. Bush and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice is unquestionable, based on a genuine conviction that a democratic Middle East serves the security interests of the United States.

    • Sada - Analysis

    Egypt's Ruling Party Conference: The More It Seems to Change, the More It Stays Almost the Same

    • Dina Shehata
    • August 20, 2008

    The September 21-23 conference of Egypt's ruling National Democratic Party (NDP) was notable in several respects. First, the proceedings were dominated by Gamal Mubarak, President Hosni Mubarak's 41-year-old son who heads the NDP's powerful policies secretariat, keeping alive rumors that he is being groomed to succeed his father.

    • Sada - Analysis

    Opposition Politics in Egypt: A Fleeting Moment of Opportunity?

    • Samer Shehata
    • August 20, 2008

    In Egypt, the approaching 2005 presidential referendum and parliamentary elections as well as the likelihood that a leadership succession will take place within the next few years—President Hosni Mubarak is seventy-six and was hospitalized in Germany this summer—have energized politics and led to fresh efforts at cooperation among opposition groups.

    • Sada - Analysis

    Arab Judicial Reform: Bold Visions, Few Achievements

    Donors tend to focus on non-controversial technical issues when promoting the rule of law abroad. In sharp contrast, judicial reformers in the Arab world have plunged into the political aspects of judicial reform far more enthusiastically. Their zeal, however, has not yet translated into success.

    • Sada - Analysis

    Creating a New Political Reality in Egypt

    At present there are at least three possible readings of Egyptian politics. There is the government version, in which President Mubarak's decision to amend Article 76 of the constitution to permit direct and pluralistic elections for the presidency is an historic reform step approved by a majority of Egyptians, first via the two chambers of parliament and then via the May 25 public referendum.

    • Sada - Analysis

    Judges Club Challenges the Egyptian Regime

    In recent months, with pressures on the Egyptian government to reform growing, elements of Egyptian civil society have seized the moment to advance longstanding agendas. Among the most surprising and significant groups to press their advantage were judges.

Carnegie Experts on
North Africa

  • expert thumbnail - Al Rachid
    Loulouwa Al Rachid
    Co-Director
    Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Loulouwa Al Rachid is a co-director of the Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States at the Carnegie Middle East Center.
  • expert thumbnail - Bahout
    Joseph Bahout
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program
    Joseph Bahout is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. His research focuses on political developments in Lebanon and Syria, regional spillover from the Syrian crisis, and identity politics across the region.
  • expert thumbnail - Boukhars
    Anouar Boukhars
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program
    Boukhars is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. He is an associate professor of international relations at McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland.
  • expert thumbnail - Brown
    Frances Z. Brown
    Fellow
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Frances Z. Brown is a fellow with Carnegie’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, where she researches stabilization, state building, democratization, decentralization, drivers of conflict, and local governance in fragile states.
  • expert thumbnail - Brown
    Nathan J. Brown
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Brown, a professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University, is a distinguished scholar and author of six well-received books on Arab politics.
  • expert thumbnail - Cammack
    Perry Cammack
    Nonresident Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Perry Cammack is a nonresident fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on long-term regional trends and their implications for American foreign policy.
  • expert thumbnail - Carothers
    Thomas Carothers
    Senior Vice President for Studies
    Carothers is a leading authority on international support for democracy, human rights, governance, the rule of law, and civil society.
  • expert thumbnail - Dunne
    Michele Dunne
    Director and Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - El-Shimy
    Yasser El-Shimy
    Co-Director
    Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Yasser El-Shimy is the co-director of the Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States at the Carnegie Middle East Center.
  • expert thumbnail - Ghanem-Yazbeck
    Dalia Ghanem-Yazbeck
    Resident Scholar
    Middle East Center
    Dalia Ghanem-Yazbeck is a Resident Scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where her work examines political and extremist violence, radicalization, Islamism, and jihadism with an emphasis on Algeria.
  • expert thumbnail - Ghattas
    Kim Ghattas
    Senior Visiting Fellow
    Kim Ghattas is a senior visiting fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where she is focused on writing a book about the impact of the rivalry between Iran and Saudi Arabia on the wider region since 1979.
  • expert thumbnail - Hamzawy
    Amr Hamzawy
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Amr Hamzawy studied political science and developmental studies in Cairo, The Hague, and Berlin.
  • expert thumbnail - Levite
    Ariel (Eli) Levite
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Levite was the principal deputy director general for policy at the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission from 2002 to 2007.
  • expert thumbnail - Lynch
    Marc Lynch
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Marc Lynch is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program where his work focuses on the politics of the Arab world.
  • expert thumbnail - Meddeb
    Hamza Meddeb
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Center
    Hamza Meddeb is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on economic reform, political economy of conflicts, and border insecurity across the Middle East and North Africa.
  • expert thumbnail - Miller
    Andrew Miller
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program
    Andrew Miller is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program.
  • expert thumbnail - Muasher
    Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies
    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Ryu
    Rexon Ryu
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Ryu is a nonresident senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he leads an initiative focused on the intersection of diplomacy, technology, and innovation.
  • expert thumbnail - Sokolsky
    Richard Sokolsky
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Russia and Eurasia Program
    Richard Sokolsky is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program. His work focuses on U.S. policy toward Russia in the wake of the Ukraine crisis.
  • expert thumbnail - Walles
    Jake Walles
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Jake Walles is a nonresident senior fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on Israeli-Palestinian issues, Tunisia, and counterterrorism.
  • expert thumbnail - Wehrey
    Frederic Wehrey
    Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Wehrey specializes in post-conflict transitions, armed groups, and identity politics, with a focus on Libya, North Africa, and the Gulf.
  • expert thumbnail - Yahya
    Maha Yahya
    Director
    Middle East Center
    Yahya is director of the Carnegie Middle East Center, where her research focuses on citizenship, pluralism, and social justice in the aftermath of the Arab uprisings.
  • expert thumbnail - Yerkes
    Sarah Yerkes
    Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Sarah Yerkes is a fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program, where her research focuses on Tunisia’s political, economic, and security developments as well as state-society relations in the Middle East and North Africa.

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