• Paper

    Sudan: From Conflict to Conflict

    The failure of efforts thus far to bring peace to greater Sudan does not bode well for the chances of avoiding new conflict.

    • Q&A

    War in the Sudan

    Hope for a lasting peace following South Sudan’s independence has receded with Sudan and South Sudan already engaged in acts of war. In many ways, both sides need conflict with the other as a diversionary tactic for their own internal problems so neither is anxious to reach a settlement.

    • Op-Ed

    Action Needed as Sudan Heads into War

    As Sudan drifts again into war, the regional and international community must act quickly to save the lives of hundreds of thousands that are at risk. And political change in Khartoum might have to be part and parcel of a long-term solution.

    • Q&A

    The New Sudan—Challenges and Opportunities

    With the final results from the referendum indicating that the south voted for independence in a landslide, the stage is set for the world’s newest country to be officially born in July.

    • Article

    Time to Overhaul the European Union’s Role in North Africa

    The EU, which has worked for decades on North Africa’s development, must step up its efforts to bolster the region’s private sector and dismantle its own agricultural protectionism.

    • Q&A

    Sudan’s Referendum—The Birth of a New Nation?

    While the upcoming referendum in Sudan is expected to proceed relatively smoothly, the threat of violence looms large with immediate concern over the sharing of oil revenues, the yet-to-be-demarcated border, and the status of southerners currently living in the north.

    • Article

    The Comprehensive Peace Agreement

    The Comprehensive Peace Agreement marked the end of two decades of civil conflict in Sudan and was the culmination of peace negotiations to find a comprehensive, lasting solution to the conflict that had divided north and south Sudan.

    • Article

    MENA Needs a More Dynamic Private Sector

    • Ritva Reinikka
    • June 29, 2010

    The private sector has become the main driver of growth in the Middle East and North Africa, but more consistent and equitable regulations are needed to transform the region into a diversified, high-performance economy.

    • Op-Ed

    Darfur Makes Sudan's Omar al-Bashir Barack Obama's Biggest African Foe

    • May 26, 2009
    • U.S. News & World Report

    Darfur is being pushed perilously close to the edge by the Sudanese government. President Obama's biggest test in Africa will not be pirates, but Omar al-Bashir, the first sitting president with a warrant for his arrest.

    • Book

    Saviors and Survivors: Darfur, Politics, and the War on Terror

    • May 18, 2009
    • Book Review

    The advocacy group Save Darfur is the newest colonial power in a long history of colonial abuse, according to a new book about the Darfur conflict by Columbia Professor Mahmood Mamdani.

Carnegie Experts on

  • expert thumbnail - Hamzawy
    Amr Hamzawy
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program
    Amr Hamzawy studied political science and developmental studies in Cairo, The Hague, and Berlin.
  • expert thumbnail - Muasher
    Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies
    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Wehrey
    Frederic Wehrey
    Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Wehrey specializes in post-conflict transitions, armed groups, and identity politics, with a focus on Libya, North Africa, and the Gulf.

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