• Op-Ed

    Arab Security Services and the Crisis in Democratic Change

    The lack of democratic breakthroughs worthy of mention in Arab countries has spurred debate about barriers to change. The debate would be incomplete, however, without a discussion of the means by which authoritarian Arab regimes control their societies, particularly the critical roles performed by security services.

    • Op-Ed

    Unlikely Reformers: Egyptian Judges Challenge the Regime

    • Book

    Human Rights in the Arab World: Independent Voices

    • Amr Hamzawy, Anthony Chase
    • June 01, 2006
    • University of Pennsylvania Press

    Human Rights in the Arab World: Independent Voices offers perspectives from those at the forefront of research and debate at the intersection of human rights and Islam, globalization, transnational advocacy, and the politics of key states such as Egypt, Morocco, and Yemen.

    • Op-Ed

    Preaching Democracy

    • Event

    Discussion on Egypt with Hisham Kassem

    • Hisham Kassem
    • March 21, 2006

    The Democracy and Rule of Law Project hosted a roundtable discussion with Hisham Kassem about the political developments in Egypt over the last year.

    • Fact Sheet: U.S. Actors Promoting Democacy in the Middle East

      • March 15, 2006
      • Carnegie Resource Page

      U.S. efforts to promote democracy in the Middle East have several components.

      • Paper

      Islamist Movements and the Democratic Process in the Arab World: Exploring Gray Zones

      In view of the recent victory by Hamas in Palestine and the electoral success of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, understanding the thinking of Islamist movements is more important than ever. Experts are trying to move beyond stark views of the Islamist challenge as either a democratizing force or an extreme threat to democracy, to present a nuanced view of the position of Islamist parties.

      • The Backlash Against Democracy Promotion

        Authoritarian leaders around the world have recently started to crack down on democracy-promotion efforts in their countries. The Bush administration's pro-democracy bombast has not helped matters, but has contributed to the false idea that political liberalization is a U.S.-driven phenomenon.

        • Op-Ed

        Arab Liberals Unite!

        Concern in the U.S. for Arab liberals has taken on a desperate edge, as though all this activity were a last ditch attempt to support a political alternative that ballot boxes in the Arab world have proved too fragile to sustain. The Carnegie Endowment's Amr Hamzway comments on the numerous factors that contribute to this misreading of current political trends in the Arab world in a new editorial.

        • Article

        Promoting Democracy after Hamas’ Victory

        The victory of Hamas in the Palestinian elections has given rise to much soul searching in Washington about who lost Palestine. The main problem, however, is not U.S. policy but the underlying conditions in the last few months that have led to the victory of Hamas and to the impressive showing by both Shia and Sunni religious parties elsewhere in the region.

      Carnegie Experts on
      Special Projects

      • expert thumbnail - Brown
        Nathan J. Brown
        Nonresident Senior Fellow
        Middle East Program
        Brown, a professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University, is a distinguished scholar and author of six well-received books on Arab politics.
      • expert thumbnail - Carothers
        Thomas Carothers
        Harvey V. Fineberg Chair for Democracy Studies
        Interim President
        Thomas Carothers is interim president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He is a leading authority on international support for democracy, human rights, governance, the rule of law, and civil society.
      • expert thumbnail - Dunne
        Michele Dunne
        Director and Senior Fellow
        Middle East Program
        Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.
      • expert thumbnail - Ghattas
        Kim Ghattas
        Nonresident Senior Fellow
        Kim Ghattas is a nonresident senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
      • expert thumbnail - Linfield
        David Linfield
        Visiting Scholar
        Middle East Program
        David Linfield is a visiting scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program, where he specializes in how socioeconomic inequality is reshaping political alliances and driving new pressure for change.
      • expert thumbnail - Muasher
        Marwan Muasher
        Vice President for Studies
        Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.
      • expert thumbnail - Sokolsky
        Richard Sokolsky
        Nonresident Senior Fellow
        Russia and Eurasia Program
        Richard Sokolsky is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program. His work focuses on U.S. policy toward Russia in the wake of the Ukraine crisis.
      • expert thumbnail - Walles
        Jake Walles
        Nonresident Senior Fellow
        Middle East Program
        Jake Walles is a nonresident senior fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on Israeli-Palestinian issues, Tunisia, and counterterrorism.
      • expert thumbnail - Yahya
        Maha Yahya
        Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center
        Yahya is director of the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center, where her research focuses on citizenship, pluralism, and social justice in the aftermath of the Arab uprisings.
      • expert thumbnail - Yerkes
        Sarah Yerkes
        Senior Fellow
        Middle East Program
        Sarah Yerkes is a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program, where her research focuses on Tunisia’s political, economic, and security developments as well as state-society relations in the Middle East and North Africa.

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