The growth of counterterrorism allies and quietest is one result of the political trends throughout North Africa since the Arab uprisings.
Sisi’s efforts to broker the reunification of the Libyan army are less about stabilizing its neighbor than empowering Khalifa Haftar against shared Islamist foes.
Over the years, Libya’s leaders have met, led by earnest Western ministers and heads of state. But beyond this, these meetings produce no breakthrough agreements.
Efforts to reconstitute and rebuild state security institutions in post-conflict states will require not just technical and organizational fixes, but will hinge upon a range of sweeping steps and reforms with generational scope.
Defense sectors in several Arab countries have undergone significant transformation leading to the hybridization of security governance, leaving them with forms of sovereignty that are both constrained and constantly contested.
Russia has gained influence in Libya by exploiting the mistakes of the Europeans and the United States.
In an interview, Emadeddin Badi talks about today’s Libya, which faces both civil war and state collapse.
Despite variances in threat intensity and risk, challenges loom across the Maghreb. The specter of jihadism may haunt North Africa for a long time.
A lasting solution to insecurity on the Tunisia-Libya border will require a broad socioeconomic approach that includes pursuing alternative development opportunities and tackling corruption.
Rather than making North Africa safer, securitizing borders has raised the risk of instability along the region’s frontiers, where communities depend on smuggling.