Ghassan Salamé’s action plan for Libya faces numerous obstacles from entrenched political elites, who see it as just another venue in which to seek personal gain.
With no effective Libyan government and no capable police or security services, militias present themselves to outside powers as counter-terror partners. The challenge is dealing with extremism in a way that does not empower these militias at the expense of an inclusive, civic state.
Carnegie’s Frederic Wehrey discusses his forthcoming book on Libya after the fall of Moammar al-Qaddafi.
With Syria, Libya, and Iraq grappling with either the specter of war or its immediate aftermath, there is an urgent need to analyze the politics of post-conflict reconstruction.
Tunisia has increasingly relied on the military to bring security to its border region with Libya. But the current approach risks worsening the security situation and playing into the hands of jihadis.
In Libya, recent attacks against Sufi targets have been driven by doctrine, but also socioeconomic resentment.
Given rising defense spending across Africa and concerns about Islamist extremism in some countries, Russia sees the continent as an area of opportunity for growth.
To date, no clear consensus has been reached on whether natural wealth such as hydrocarbon’s is a blessing or a curse, and no comprehensive methodology has been established.
Analyst Sergio Altuna Galán discusses Al-Qa‘eda’s rebranding, as well as the jihadi situation in Tunisia and Libya.
Yahia H. Zoubir discusses the situation in the Sahel, where weak states and illegal trafficking prevail.