The euphoria from the fall of Muammar Qaddafi was short-lived for Libyans, as militias and tribes turned on each other and the country quickly descended into civil war.
The presence of foreign armed groups in Libya’s south poses an increasing threat to local security and regional political ties.
Although Maghreb states have tended to pursue border security unilaterally, increased transnational coordination at the local level offers a more sustainable approach.
The Maghreb continues to see a rise in discontent and militancy due to governmental indifference towards marginalized border regions.
Ghassan Salamé’s action plan for Libya faces numerous obstacles from entrenched political elites, who see it as just another venue in which to seek personal gain.
With no effective Libyan government and no capable police or security services, militias present themselves to outside powers as counter-terror partners. The challenge is dealing with extremism in a way that does not empower these militias at the expense of an inclusive, civic state.
Carnegie’s Frederic Wehrey discusses his forthcoming book on Libya after the fall of Moammar al-Qaddafi.
With Syria, Libya, and Iraq grappling with either the specter of war or its immediate aftermath, there is an urgent need to analyze the politics of post-conflict reconstruction.
Tunisia has increasingly relied on the military to bring security to its border region with Libya. But the current approach risks worsening the security situation and playing into the hands of jihadis.
In Libya, recent attacks against Sufi targets have been driven by doctrine, but also socioeconomic resentment.