A regular survey of experts on matters relating to Middle Eastern and North African politics and security.
Europe remains at fault for both failing to rebuild Libya following its 2011 intervention, and for increasingly relying on rights-abusing militias for its coast guard and migrant interdiction responsibilities.
Absent effective institutions, Libya has struggled and devolved into civil war since the fall of Qaddafi. But while the country has dropped off Western radars since the attack on the U.S. Embassy in Benghazi, the story of Libya is far from finished.
To maintain his reputation as Libya’s only savior, Haftar is now more likely to make dramatic moves against declared enemies and inside his own camp.
Please join Carnegie for a conference on the changing political, socioeconomic, and security dynamics within the Maghreb-Sahel region.
The death of Muammar Qadhafi in 2011 freed Libya from forty-two years of despotic rule, raising hopes for a new era. But in the aftermath of the uprising, the country descended into bitter rivalries and civil war, paving the way for the Islamic State and a catastrophic migrant crisis. What went wrong?
It is true that Libya is often overshadowed by a host of other crises and challenges that demand America’s attention. But the country remains a place of great potential and resilience, and it affects U.S. and European interests beyond the threat of terrorism.
The story of what went wrong in Libya after Qadhafi.
Modern U.S. policy in Libya is confronted by shades of gray and a counterterrorism narrative that tends to flatten and obscure complexities.
The euphoria from the fall of Muammar Qaddafi was short-lived for Libyans, as militias and tribes turned on each other and the country quickly descended into civil war.