The result of Khalifa Haftar’s offensive has been a major shift in the balance of power in Libya.
A proposal for a new U.S. approach to Libya that centers on the concept of reinvigorated American engagement.
The current trend in U.S. and European governments to pay less attention to human rights issues in Arab countries did not develop overnight, and is unlikely to disappear quickly, as it is connected to local, regional, and global trends.
A regular survey of experts on matters relating to Middle Eastern and North African politics and security.
The growth of counterterrorism allies and quietists is one result of the political trends throughout North Africa since the Arab uprisings.
Sisi’s efforts to broker the reunification of the Libyan army are less about stabilizing its neighbor than empowering Khalifa Haftar against shared Islamist foes.
Over the years, Libya’s leaders have met, led by earnest Western ministers and heads of state. But beyond this, these meetings produce no breakthrough agreements.
Efforts to reconstitute and rebuild state security institutions in post-conflict states will require not just technical and organizational fixes, but will hinge upon a range of sweeping steps and reforms with generational scope.
Defense sectors in several Arab countries have undergone significant transformation leading to the hybridization of security governance, leaving them with forms of sovereignty that are both constrained and constantly contested.
Russia has gained influence in Libya by exploiting the mistakes of the Europeans and the United States.