• Article

    Of Revolutions, Regime Change, and State Collapse in the Arab World

    In spite of the massive popular protests that have swept away two Arab strongmen and shaken half a dozen monarchies and republics, the Arab world has yet to witness any fundamental change in ruling elites and even less in the nature of governance.

    • Article

    Time to Overhaul the European Union’s Role in North Africa

    The EU, which has worked for decades on North Africa’s development, must step up its efforts to bolster the region’s private sector and dismantle its own agricultural protectionism.

    • Article

    MENA Needs a More Dynamic Private Sector

    • Ritva Reinikka
    • June 29, 2010

    The private sector has become the main driver of growth in the Middle East and North Africa, but more consistent and equitable regulations are needed to transform the region into a diversified, high-performance economy.

    • Event

    Libya: The Second Year of Normalization

    Libya is now in the second year of full normalization with the United States, following decades of frozen diplomatic relations. The country still faces many domestic challenges, including the presence of radical Islamist groups and the challenges of transition and reform after years of international isolation.

    • Book

    Getting to Pluralism: Political Actors in the Arab World

    This volume examines the Arab world’s major political actors, assesses the weaknesses of secular parties, and evaluates how incumbent regimes have maintained their grip on power in spite of reform-oriented claims.

    • Event

    De-Radicalization in Egypt, Algeria, and Libya

    As counterterrorism policies move away from purely military solutions, counter-radicalization and disengagement programs in North African countries like Egypt, Algeria, and Libya offer an alternative approach.

    • Sada - Analysis

    A Defining Moment for the Libyan “King of Kings”

    Libyan leader Qaddafi's realization of his dream of African leadership and concurrent celebration of forty years in power offer a chance to redefine his impact on Libya.

    • Sada - Analysis

    Qaddafi’s Old Theories Facing New Realities

    • Ronald Bruce St John
    • December 02, 2008

    Qaddafi's recent calls to dismantle most of the Libyan government are stretching his 1970s ideology farther than ever before.

    • TV/Radio Broadcast

    Secretary Rice's Trip to Libya

    Carnegie's Michele Dunne discusses the progress in U.S.-Libyan relations and the events that led to Secretary Rice's visit to Libya, the first for a U.S. Secretary of State since 1953.

    • Article

    The United States and Libya: Where Do We Go From Here?

    The United States should use its limited but growing influence in Libya to support growth in non-governmental sectors rather than implicitly endorsing the regime’s status quo, urges a new commentary on the eve of Secretary Rice’s visit to Libya. The regime remains opaque, unpredictable, and, buoyed by its petroleum wealth, is increasingly assertive in international negotiations.

Carnegie Experts on

  • expert thumbnail - Al Rachid
    Loulouwa Al Rachid
    Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Loulouwa Al Rachid is a co-director of the Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States at the Carnegie Middle East Center.
  • expert thumbnail - Dunne
    Michele Dunne
    Director and Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Hamzawy
    Amr Hamzawy
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Amr Hamzawy studied political science and developmental studies in Cairo, The Hague, and Berlin.
  • expert thumbnail - Lynch
    Marc Lynch
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Marc Lynch is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program where his work focuses on the politics of the Arab world.
  • expert thumbnail - Meddeb
    Hamza Meddeb
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Center
    Hamza Meddeb is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on economic reform, political economy of conflicts, and border insecurity across the Middle East and North Africa.
  • expert thumbnail - Muasher
    Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies
    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Wehrey
    Frederic Wehrey
    Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Wehrey specializes in post-conflict transitions, armed groups, and identity politics, with a focus on Libya, North Africa, and the Gulf.

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