• Sada - Analysis

    Status Report on Libya's Paradigm Shift

    For three decades, human rights violations in Libya were committed under the rubric of “revolutionary defense.” The government and its extensive security apparatus imprisoned or “disappeared” critics who challenged the ideology of the 1969 revolution that overthrew the monarchy or of Colonel Muammar Qadhafi's system of Jamahariya, the “state of the masses.”

    • Sada - Analysis

    The Paradox of Press Freedom in the Arab World

    The second of June marked the second anniversary of the assassination of Lebanese writer Samir Qasir, with no indication of who ordered the car bombing that silenced one of the loudest Arab voices criticizing autocratic Arab regimes, particularly the Assad family in Syria.

    • Sada - Analysis

    Five Myths about Western Political Party Aid in the Arab World

    Until recently Western assistance programs aimed at strengthening political parties were less present in the Arab world than in almost all other areas of the developing world. As part of the heightened U.S. and European interest in promoting Arab political reform, however, such programs are multiplying in the region.

    • Sada - Analysis

    The Limits to Libyan Reform

    • Ronald Bruce St John
    • August 18, 2008

    Libyan leader Muammar al-Qaddafi initiated a major shift in economic policy at the turn of the millennium. When early efforts at economic liberalization produced limited results, he stepped up the pressure in June 2003, declaring the public sector a failure, calling for the privatization of the economy, and pledging to bring Libya into the World Trade Organization.

    • Sada - Analysis

    Rough Sledding for U.S. Party Aid Organizations in the Arab World

    Foreign democracy assistance organizations working directly with political parties have come into the line of fire as some Arab governments have pushed back against democratization initiatives over the past two years. In Algeria, Bahrain, and Egypt in particular, the National Democratic Institute (NDI) and the International Republican Institute (IRI) have been among the first to feel pressure.

    • Sada - Analysis

    Libya and the European Union: How Far Can Relations Go?

    The release of six foreign medics from a Tripoli prison in July 2007, after E.U. and French mediation ended an eight year ordeal, provoking sighs of relief across Europe. In Brussels, E.U. bureaucrats promptly got to work on pushing toward formal relations.

    • TV/Radio Broadcast

    President Bush on BBC World News America

    • February 14, 2008

    • Op-Ed

    Arab Spring Fever

    A series of unusual scenes on the streets of the Middle East nurtured an inspiring story line of an emerging “Arab spring” that mimicked the earlier triumph of democracy from the Philippines to Prague: mass demonstrations in Lebanon; joint rallies of Egyptian Islamists and liberals against the Mubarak regime; and elections in Iraq, the Palestinian territories, Lebanon, Egypt and even Saudi Arabia.

    • Report

    Universal Compliance: A Strategy for Nuclear Security
    With 2007 Report Card on Progress

    A team of leading nonproliferation experts offers a blueprint for rethinking the international nonproliferation regime. They offer a fresh approach to deal with states and terrorists, nuclear weapons, and fissile materials through a twenty-step, priority action agenda.

    • Op-Ed

    Book Review: Cracking the Arms Race

    If A.Q. Khan is written off as an evil individual, then his deeds can be written off as peculiar sins that do not reflect flaws in the international system. In a review of Gordon Corera’s book, “Shopping for Bombs”, George Perkovich examines its key theme – nuclear proliferation can occur within the limits of international criminal law.

Carnegie Experts on

  • expert thumbnail - Al Rachid
    Loulouwa Al Rachid
    Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Loulouwa Al Rachid is a co-director of the Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States at the Carnegie Middle East Center.
  • expert thumbnail - Dunne
    Michele Dunne
    Director and Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Hamzawy
    Amr Hamzawy
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program
    Amr Hamzawy studied political science and developmental studies in Cairo, The Hague, and Berlin.
  • expert thumbnail - Lynch
    Marc Lynch
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Marc Lynch is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program where his work focuses on the politics of the Arab world.
  • expert thumbnail - Muasher
    Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies
    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Wehrey
    Frederic Wehrey
    Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Wehrey specializes in post-conflict transitions, armed groups, and identity politics, with a focus on Libya, North Africa, and the Gulf.

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