In spite of the massive popular protests that have swept away two Arab strongmen and shaken half a dozen monarchies and republics, the Arab world has yet to witness any fundamental change in ruling elites and even less in the nature of governance.
The EU, which has worked for decades on North Africa’s development, must step up its efforts to bolster the region’s private sector and dismantle its own agricultural protectionism.
The private sector has become the main driver of growth in the Middle East and North Africa, but more consistent and equitable regulations are needed to transform the region into a diversified, high-performance economy.
Libya is now in the second year of full normalization with the United States, following decades of frozen diplomatic relations. The country still faces many domestic challenges, including the presence of radical Islamist groups and the challenges of transition and reform after years of international isolation.
This volume examines the Arab world’s major political actors, assesses the weaknesses of secular parties, and evaluates how incumbent regimes have maintained their grip on power in spite of reform-oriented claims.
As counterterrorism policies move away from purely military solutions, counter-radicalization and disengagement programs in North African countries like Egypt, Algeria, and Libya offer an alternative approach.
Libyan leader Qaddafi's realization of his dream of African leadership and concurrent celebration of forty years in power offer a chance to redefine his impact on Libya.
Qaddafi's recent calls to dismantle most of the Libyan government are stretching his 1970s ideology farther than ever before.
Carnegie's Michele Dunne discusses the progress in U.S.-Libyan relations and the events that led to Secretary Rice's visit to Libya, the first for a U.S. Secretary of State since 1953.
The United States should use its limited but growing influence in Libya to support growth in non-governmental sectors rather than implicitly endorsing the regime’s status quo, urges a new commentary on the eve of Secretary Rice’s visit to Libya. The regime remains opaque, unpredictable, and, buoyed by its petroleum wealth, is increasingly assertive in international negotiations.