Jonathan Winer, who has served as the U.S. State Department’s special envoy for Libya and Senior Advisor for Mojahedin-e Khalq Resettlement, spoke with Carnegie’s Frederic Wehrey.
The denial of democratic opportunities, the rise of successful violent movements, and the shifting regional and Islamist contexts make it likely that the coming period of Islamist politics will be dominated by non–Muslim Brotherhood organizations.
Russia’s support for Khalifa Haftar in the name of countering terrorism could instead escalate Libya’s conflict and undermine the UN-sponsored political process.
The flow of migrants to Europe has increased dramatically over the past year even as their trips become more dangerous.
Sada contributors share their take on what the extraordinary election of Donald Trump could mean for a region in turmoil.
Failed states across the Middle East and North Africa will pose distinctive challenges for U.S. policy in the next administration.
“Madkhali” Salafists in Libya are active in the battle against the Islamic State, and in factional conflicts.
The pro-democracy uprisings that swept across the Middle East in 2011 made clear the need to forge a new social contract between rulers and ruled.
In Libya, the struggle to root out the Islamic State goes beyond the battlefield to the broken state left behind by Muammar Qaddafi and the lack of international support following the 2011 uprising.
In Libya, the government and its network of loosely affiliated militias struggle to defeat the Islamic State while at the same time working to build a functioning Libyan state.