Southern Libya remains a region of endemic instability wracked by communal conflict, a shortage of basic services, rampant smuggling, and fragmented or collapsed institutions.
Libya’s worsening political conflict has pushed the country to the brink of civil war and could complicate ongoing efforts to combat extremist groups.
Refugee crises across the globe have had a transformative impact on every aspect of the politics, economies, societies, and states that have experienced these massive forced population movements.
A Carnegie workshop hears Libyans discuss a reform of their country’s security sector.
To address the Mediterranean migrant crisis, the EU is seeking closer partnerships with North African states.
The new U.S. administration needs to send strong signals to forces on all sides of the Libya conflict, as well as their foreign patrons, and make clear that a political settlement presents the only viable path out of the chaos.
The Arab Spring protests upended the order of the Middle East, but six years later much remains the same.
Islamist militant and jihadist groups thrive on disenfranchised youths who lack opportunity and services in their native countries.
Jonathan Winer, who has served as the U.S. State Department’s special envoy for Libya and Senior Advisor for Mojahedin-e Khalq Resettlement, spoke with Carnegie’s Frederic Wehrey.
The denial of democratic opportunities, the rise of successful violent movements, and the shifting regional and Islamist contexts make it likely that the coming period of Islamist politics will be dominated by non–Muslim Brotherhood organizations.