In the years since the 2011 protests, rebellions have led to renewed repression in some places and chaos in others, but it may be too soon to say that they have failed.
Military and police forces are gradually regaining strength in Benghazi after two years of frequent assassinations.
The Arab states in transition are confronted with a seemingly intractable task: rebuilding state institutions and social contracts in an era of global change. Conventional approaches to security sector reform that fail to grasp the dilemmas and challenges complicating this effort are certain to fail.
In its foreign policy toward North Africa and the Middle East, the EU is putting stability before human rights, as it did before the Arab Spring.
Dismissing the Arab Spring uprisings as failures does not capture how fully they have transformed every dimension of the region’s politics.
Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb remains a looming threat, with its proven adaptability and resilience, and its high capacity for destruction.
If European policymakers want to help stabilize and reorient Libya, they should recall the lessons of the five years since the country’s 2011 revolution.
Libya’s fragmentation and the devolution of power—to armed militias, tribes, and towns—has created a power vacuum that the Islamic State is exploiting.
This all-day conference brings together leading scholars from around the world to examine security and governance challenges in the Maghreb-Sahel.
The flow of smuggled goods and people along Libya’s southern border illustrates the lawlessness and insecurity across that stretch of land.