• Commentary

    All is Not Lost

    Facing an urgent need to defuse crises in Iraq, Lebanon, and Palestine, the United States is now focusing primarily on Arab states' foreign policy behavior and relegating democracy promotion to the background. But despite the risks of encouraging political change in an already chaotic region, abandoning Middle East democracy as a strategic goal would be a tragic and unnecessary mistake.

    • Commentary

    The Shia-Sunni Divide: Myths and Reality

    As the U.S.-led occupation of Iraq enters its fifth year, conflicts and political rivalries in the region appear to be assuming a sectarian edge unseen since the Iraq-Iran war. This time round, though, a new element is in play. It has to do with what is perceived as the growing role being played by Arab Shia who many see is making a radical break with a long tradition of political inactivity.

    • Research

    The Aftereffects of the Israeli-Hizbollah War

    Five months after the end of the war, Lebanon, Israel and the region are still feeling its aftereffects. In Lebanon, the claims of victory were mixed with a sober assessment of the massive socioeconomic losses, and the popular unity during the war was followed by deep division and rising tensions.

    • Event

    Is There Still a Political Reform Agenda in the Middle East?

    The session, part of the Carnegie Endowment's NEW VISION launch, examines the state of the Arab political reform agenda, what can be expected in terms of political change in the region, and what the U.S. efforts should be to promote regional reform.

    • Commentary


    Last Thursday's confrontation on the campus of the Arab University in Beirut appeared to confirm that the ghosts of the civil war are back with a vengeance. Lebanese leaders had little to offer their constituencies sectarian abuse, while Washington's rhetoric on the political crisis in Lebanon is further complicating an already tense situation.

    • Commentary

    Hizbollah and Its Changing Identities

    After the war of last summer, Lebanon had settled back into a pretense of normality, shattered periodically by massive demonstrations in the streets of the capital, as Hizbollah mustered its supporters in an attempt to force the government to call for early elections. The government refused to give in. Hizbollah is now trying to break the impasse.

    • Commentary

    In Their Own Words: Hizbollah's Strategy in the Current Confrontation

    An in-depth look into the mindset of Hizbollah’s leadership, including their priorities, justifications for continued armament, and animosity towards the U.S. Through unprecedented access to high-ranking Hizbollah officials, including Hizbollah’s Deputy Secretary General.

    • Commentary

    On the Edge of Despair

    Lebanon's political institutions are paralyzed. Once again, Lebanon's internal divisions and lack of immunity from regional and international entanglements has created a tight and complex knot of issues in which internal, regional and international conflicts are all tied up together.But despite all the complexity, compromise is possible.

    • Commentary

    The Assassination in Lebanon Should Not Derail Dialogue

    The assassination of Lebanese industry minister Pierre Gemayel necessitates a balanced policy of moving ahead with the United Nations special tribunal on assassinations in Lebanon while also reducing conflict and instability through constructive and multilateral dialogue.

    • Event

    Identifying Drivers of Political Reform in the GCC Countries

    • November 15, 2006

    Carnegies's third meeting dealing with political reform in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries featured researchers from across the region. The discussion focused on various drivers of political reform: political actors; new political institutions; economic transformation; and the impact of new ideas and debates to which the region's population is increasingly exposed through mass media.

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